Hospital-Acquired Conditions (Present on Admission Indicator)
On February 8, 2006, the President signed the Deficit Reduction Act (DRA) of 2005. Section 5001(c) of DRA requires the Secretary to identify conditions that are: (a) high cost or high volume or both, (b) result in the assignment of a case to a DRG that has a higher payment when present as a secondary diagnosis, and (c) could reasonably have been prevented through the application of evidence-based guidelines. Section 5001(c) provides that CMS can revise the list of conditions from time to time, as long as it contains at least two conditions. The statute is available in the Statute/Regulations/Program Instructions section, accessible through the navigation menu at left.
For discharges occurring on or after October 1, 2008, hospitals will not receive additional payment for cases in which one of the selected conditions was not present on admission. That is, the case would be paid as though the secondary diagnosis were not present. An example of how the HAC provision may affect an MS-DRG payment, beginning October 1, 2008, is presented below.
CMS also required hospitals to report present on admission information for both primary and secondary diagnoses when submitting claims for discharges on or after October 1, 2007.
- Accuracy of Coding in the Hospital-Acquired Conditions-Present on Admission Program [PDF, 647KB]
- Examination of the Accuracy of Coding Pressure Ulcer Stages [PDF, 273KB]
- Incremental Updated Cost Report – Updated 5/1/12 [ZIP, 1MB]
- Readmissions Due to Hospital-Acquired Conditions (HACs): Multivariate Modeling and Under-coding Analyses [PDF, 662KB]
- Evidence-based Guidelines for Selected and Previously Considered Hospital-Acquired Conditions Report [PDF, 912KB]
- Hospital-Acquired Conditions–Present on Admission: Examination of Spillover Effects and Unintended Consequences [PDF, 811KB]
- Fact Sheet - Present on Admission (POA) Indicator Reporting by Acute Inpatient Prospective Payment System (IPPS) Hospitals [PDF, 1MB]
- Fact Sheet - Hospital Acquired Conditions (HAC) in Acute Inpatient Prospective Payment System (IPPS) Hospitals [PDF, 1MB]
- Update on State Government Tracking of Health Care-Acquired Conditions and a Four-State In-Depth Review [PDF, 675KB]
- Page last Modified: 08/28/2014 12:40 PM
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