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Glossary

Glossary

This glossary explains terms found on the cms.hhs.gov web site, but it is not a legal document.

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H

Term Definition
HCFA-1450

HCFA's name for the institutional uniform claim form, or UB-92.

HCFA-1500

HCFA's name for the professional uniform claim form. Also known as the UCF-1500.

HEALTH CARE CLEARINGHOUSE

A public or private entity that does either of the following (Entities, including but not limited to, billing services, repricing companies, community health management information systems or community health information systems, and "value-added" networks and switches are health care clearinghouses if they perform these functions): 1) Processes or facilitates the processing of information received from another entity in a nonstandard format or containing nonstandard data content into standard data elements or a standard transaction; 2) Receives a standard transaction from another entity and processes or facilitates the processing of information into nonstandard format or nonstandard data content for a receiving entity.

HEALTH CARE CODE MAINTENANCE COMMITTEE

An organization administered by the BCBSA that is responsible for maintaining certain coding schemes used in the X12 transactions and elsewhere. These include the Claim Adjustment Reason Codes, the Claim Status Category Codes, and the Claim Status Codes.

HEALTH CARE PREPAYMENT PLAN

A type of managed care organization. In return for a monthly premium, plus any applicable deductible or co-payment, all or most of an individual's physician services will be provided by the HCPP. The HCPP will pay for all services it has arranged for (and any emergency services) whether provided by its own physicians or its contracted network of physicians. If a member enrolled in an HCPP chooses to receive services that have not been arranged for by the HCPP, he/she is liable for any applicable Medicare deductible and/or coinsurance amounts, and any balance would be paid by the regional Medicare carrier.

HEALTH CARE PROVIDER

A person who is trained and licensed to give health care. Also, a place that is licensed to give health care. Doctors, nurses, and hospitals are examples of health care providers.

HEALTH CARE PROVIDER TAXONOMY COMMITTEE

An organization administered by the NUCC that is responsible for maintaining the Provider Taxonomy coding scheme used in the X12 transactions. The detailed code maintenance is done in coordination with X12N/TG2/WG15.

HEALTH CARE QUALITY IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM

HCQIP is a program, which supports the mission of CMS to assure health care security for beneficiaries. The mission of HCQIP is to promote the quality, effectiveness, and efficiency of services to Medicare beneficiaries by strengthening the community of those committed to improving quality, monitoring and improving quality of care, communicating with beneficiaries and health care providers, practitioners, and plans to promote informed health choices, protecting beneficiaries from poor care, and strengthening the infrastructure.

HEALTH EMPLOYER DATA AND INFORMATION SET (HEDIS)

A set of standard performance measures that can give you information about the quality of a health plan. You can find out about the quality of care, access, cost, and other measures to compare managed care plans. The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) collects HEDIS data for Medicare plans. (See Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services.)

HEALTH INFORMATICS STANDARDS BOARD

An ANSI-accredited standards group that has developed an inventory of candidate standards for consideration as possible HIPAA standards.

HEALTH INSURANCE ASSOCIATION OF AMERICA

An industry association that represents the interests of commercial health care insurers. The HIAA participates in the maintenance of some code sets, including the HCPCS Level II codes.

HEALTH INSURANCE CLAIMS NUMBER

The number assigned by the Social Security Administration to an individual identifying him/her as a Medicare beneficiary. This number is shown on the beneficiary's insurance card and is used in processing Medicare claims for that beneficiary.

HEALTH INSURANCE PORTABILITY & ACCOUNTABILITY ACT (HIPAA)

A law passed in 1996 which is also sometimes called the "Kassebaum-Kennedy" law. This law expands your health care coverage if you have lost your job, or if you move from one job to another, HIPAA protects you and your family if you have: pre-existing medical conditions, and/or problems getting health coverage, and you think it is based on past or present health. HIPAA also:

  • limits how companies can use your pre-existing medical conditions to keep you from getting health insurance coverage;
  • usually gives you credit for health coverage you have had in the past;
  • may give you special help with group health coverage when you lose coverage or have a new dependent; and
  • generally, guarantees your right to renew your health coverage. HIPAA does not replace the states' roles as primary regulators of insurance.
HEALTH INSURANCE PORTABILITY & ACCOUNTABILITY ACT OF 1996

A regulation to guarantee patients new rights and protections against the misuse or disclosure of their health records.

HEALTH INSURANCE PORTABILITY AND ACCOUNTABILITY ACT OF 1996

A Federal law that allows persons to qualify immediately for comparable health insurance coverage when they change their employment relationships. Title II, Subtitle F, of HIPAA gives HHS the authority to mandate the use of standards for the electronic exchange of health care data; to specify what medical and administrative code sets should be used within those standards; to require the use of national identification systems for health care patients, providers, payers (or plans), and employers (or sponsors); and to specify the types of measures required to protect the security and privacy of personally identifiable health care information. Also known as the Kennedy-Kassebaum Bill, the Kassebaum-Kennedy Bill, K2, or Public Law 104-191.

HEALTH INSURING ORGANIZATION

An entity that provides for or arranges for the provision of care and contracts on a prepaid capitated risk basis to provide a comprehensive set of services.

HEALTH LEVEL SEVEN

An ANSI-accredited group that defines standards for the cross-platform exchange of information within a health care organization. HL7 is responsible for specifying the Level Seven OSI standards for the health industry. The X12 275 transaction will probably incorporate the HL7 CRU message to transmit claim attachments as part of a future HIPAA claim attachments standard. The HL7 Attachment SIG is responsible for the HL7 portion of this standard.

HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS (HMO)

A type of Medicare managed care plan where a group of doctors, hospitals, and other health care providers agree to give health care to Medicare beneficiaries for a set amount of money from Medicare every month. You usually must get your care from the providers in the plan.

HEALTH MAINTENANCE ORGANIZATIONS (HMO)

A type of Medicare managed care plan where a group of doctors, hospitals, and other health care providers agree to give health care to Medicare beneficiaries for a set amount of money from Medicare every month. You usually must get your care from the providers in the plan.

HEALTH PLAN

An entity that assumes the risk of paying for medical treatments, i.e. uninsured patient, self-insured employer, payer, or HMO.

HEALTHCARE COMMON PROCEDURAL CODING SYSTEM

A medical code set that identifies health care procedures, equipment, and supplies for claim submission purposes. It has been selected for use in the HIPAA transactions. HCPCS Level I contains numeric CPT codes which are maintained by the AMA. HCPCS Level II contains alphanumeric codes used to identify various items and services that are not included in the CPT medical code set. These are maintained by HCFA, the BCBSA, and the HIAA. HCPCS Level III contains alphanumeric codes that are assigned by Medicaid state agencies to identify additional items and services not included in levels I or II. These are usually called "local codes", and must have "W", "X", "Y", or "Z" in the first position. HCPCS Procedure Modifier Codes can be used with all three levels, with the WA - ZY range used for locally assigned procedure modifiers.

HEALTHCARE FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT ASSOCIATION

An organization for the improvement of the financial management of healthcare-related organizations. The HFMA sponsors some HIPAA educational seminars.

HEALTHCARE PROVIDER TAXONOMY CODES

An administrative code set that classifies health care providers by type and area of specialization. The code set will be used in certain adopted transactions. (Note: A given provider may have more than one Healthcare Provider Taxonomy Code.)

HEARING

A procedure that gives a dissatisfied claimant an opportunity to present reasons for the dissatisfaction and to receive a new determination based on the record developed at the hearing. Hearings are provided for in 1842(b)(3)(C) of the Act.

HEDIS MEASURES FROM ENCOUNTER DATA

Measures from encounter data as opposed to having the plans generate HEDIS measures. HEDIS is a collection of performance measures and their definitions produced by the National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA).

HEMATOCRIT

A measure of red blood cell volume in the blood.

HEMODIAFILTRATION

Simultaneous hemodialysis and hemofiltration which involves the removal of large volumes of fluid and fluid replacement to maintain hemodynamic stability. It requires the use of ultra pure dialysate or intravenous fluid for volume replacement. Also called high flux hemodiafiltration and double high flux hemodiafiltration.

HEMODIALYSIS

A method of dialysis in which blood from a patient's body is circulated through an external device or machine and then returned to the patient's bloodstream. Such an artificial kidney machine is usually designed to remove fluids and metabolic end products from the bloodstream by placing the blood in contact with a semi-permeable membrane, which is bathed on one side by an appropriate chemical solution, referred to as dialysate.

HEMODIALYSIS (HD)

This treatment is usually done in a dialysis facility but can be done at home with the proper training and supplies. HD uses a special filter (called a dialyzer or artifical kidney) to clean your blood. The filter connects to a machine. During treatment, your blood flows through tubes into the filter to clean out wastes and extra fluids. Then the newly cleaned blood flows through another set of tubes and back into your body (See dialysis and peritoneal dialysis.).

HEMOFILTRATION

Fluid removal.

HIGH COST ALTERNATIVE

See "Assumptions."

HIGH RISK AREA

A potential flaw in management controls requiring management attention and possible corrective action.

HIPAA DATA DICTIONARY OR HIPAA DD

A data dictionary that defines and cross-references the contents of all X12 transactions included in the HIPAA mandate. It is maintained by X12N/TG3.

HOME

Location, other than a hospital or other facility, where the patient receives care in a private residence.

HOME AND COMMUNITY-BASED SERVICE WAIVER PROGRAMS (HCBS)

The HCBS programs offer different choices to some people with Medicaid. If you qualify, you will get care in your home and community so you can stay independent and close to your family and friends. HCBS programs help the elderly and disabled, mentally retarded, developmentally disabled, and certain other disabled adults. These programs give quality and low-cost services.

HOME HEALTH AGENCY

An organization that gives home care services, like skilled nursing care, physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and personal care by home health aides.

HOME HEALTH CARE

Limited part-time or intermittent skilled nursing care and home health aide services, physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech-language therapy, medical social services, durable medical equipment (such as wheelchairs, hospital beds, oxygen, and walkers), medical supplies, and other services.

HOME PATIENTS

Medically-able individuals, who have their own dialysis equipment at home and after proper training, perform their own dialysis treatment alone or with the assistance of a helper.

HOMEBOUND

Normally unable to leave home unassisted. To be homebound means that leaving home takes considerable and taxing effort. A person may leave home for medical treatment or short, infrequent absences for non-medical reasons, such as a trip to the barber or to attend religious service. A need for adult day care doesn't keep you from getting home health care.

HOSPICE

Hospice is a special way of caring for people who are terminally ill, and for their family. This care includes physical care and counseling. Hospice care is covered under Medicare Part A (Hospital Insurance).

HOSPICE CARE

A special way of caring for people who are terminally ill, and for their family. This care includes physical care and counseling. Hospice care is covered under Medicare Part A (Hospital Insurance).

HOSPITAL ASSUMPTIONS

These include differentials between hospital labor and non-labor indices compared with general economy labor and non-labor indices; rates of admission incidence; the trend toward treating less complicated cases in outpatient settings; and continued improvement in DRG coding.

HOSPITAL COINSURANCE

For the 61st through 90th day of hospitalization in a benefit period, a daily amount for which the beneficiary is responsible, equal to one-fourth of the inpatient hospital deductible; for lifetime reserve days, a daily amount for which the beneficiary is responsible, equal to one-half of the inpatient hospital deductible (see "Lifetime reserve days").

HOSPITAL INDEMNITY INSURANCE

This kind of insurance pays a certain cash amount for each day you are in the hospital up to a certain number of days. Indemnity insurance doesn?t fill gaps in your Medicare coverage.

HOSPITAL INPUT PRICE INDEX

An alternate name for "hospital market basket."

HOSPITAL INSURANCE

The Medicare program that covers specified inpatient hospital services, posthospital skilled nursing care, home health services, and hospice care for aged and disabled individuals who meet the eligibility requirements. Also known as Medicare Part A.

HOSPITAL INSURANCE (PART A)

The part of Medicare that pays for inpatient hospital stays, care in a skilled nursing facility, hospice care and some home health care.

HOSPITAL MARKET BASKET

The cost of the mix of goods and services (including personnel costs but excluding nonoperating costs) comprising routine, ancillary, and special care unit inpatient hospital services.

HOSPITALIST

A doctor who primarily takes care of patients when they are in the hospital. This doctor will take over your care from your primary doctor when you are in the hospital, keep your primary doctor informed about your progress, and will return you to the care of your primary doctor when you leave the hospital.

HYBRID ENTITY

A covered entity whose covered functions are not its primary functions.

HYDRATION

This is the level of fluid in the body. The loss of fluid, or dehydration, occurs when you lose more water or fluid than you take in. Your body cannot keep adequate blood pressure, get enough oxygen and nutrients to the cells, or get rid of wastes if it has too little fluid.


*NOTE: An asterisk (*) after a term means that this definition, in whole or in part, is used with permission from Walter Feldesman, ESQ., Dictionary of Eldercare Terminology, Copyright 2000.


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Page Last Modified: 5/14/06 11:45 AM
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