AuSCT is a process used to treat various malignancies in which stem cells are harvested from a patient's bone marrow or peripheral blood, stored, and then given back to the patient following severely myelotoxic doses of chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy. Section 35-30.1 of the Coverage Issues Manual (CIM) states that AuSCT is a non-covered condition in the treatment for multiple myeloma (MM). This decision was based on the insufficiency of data to establish efficacy. The Health Care Financing Administration (HCFA) must evaluate whether new scientific data on AuSCT supports reconsideration for national coverage in the MM population.
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