Cost containment through risk-sharing by primary care physicians: a history of the development of United Healthcare.
Moore, Stephen H
Date of Pub
Martin, Diane P; Richardson, William C; Riedel, Donald C
A new type of independent practice association has been organized to encourage primary care physicians in private practice
to become coordinators and financial managers for their patients' medical care. Each patient chooses one internist, family
or general physician, or pediatrician and must be referred by that physician for all specialized care. The primary care physician
authorizes payment from his/her own account for hospital and referral care provided to patients. He or she shares any deficit
or surplus remaining at the end of the year. This is a background paper detailing the history of development and specific
features contained in this new concept of putting the physician in charge and "at risk" for the costs of medical care to his/her
patients. The plan has been operating in northern California, Washington, and Utah and has 40,000 members and 750 participating
physicians. This historical background paper is part of a large project--State Employees' Insurance Benefits Utilization Study
(SEIBUS) being done by the University of Washington School of Public Health to evaluate use and costs of medical care under
this innovative plan.
Physicians, Family : California : Health Benefit Plans, Employee/trends : Insurance, Health/trends : Practice Management,
Medical : Primary Health Care/economics : Private Practice/economics : Reimbursement, Incentive : Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
: Utah : Washington