Activities of daily living and costs in nursing homes.
Williams, Brent C
Date of Pub
Foley, William J; Fries, Brant E; Gavazzi, Marie; Schneider, Don P
Functionality, as measured by activities of daily living (ADL), is the most important predictor of the cost of nursing home
care. Data from a field-test version of the federally mandated Minimum Data Set (MDS) were examined using analysis of variance
(ANOVA) and recursive partitioning methods to determine the relationships between ADL limitations and nursing cost (wage-weighted
nursing time) among nursing home residents (n = 6,663). From this analysis, an index based on limitations in four ADLs was
created. The developed ADL index is a readily determined measure of functional status useful in allocating nursing staff within
nursing homes and in comparing the functional status of groups of residents, explaining 30 percent of variance in nursing
costs among nursing home residents.
Activities of Daily Living : Aged : Analysis of Variance : Data Collection : Diagnosis-Related Groups/statistics & numerical
data : Health Care Costs/statistics & numerical data : Health Services Research : Human : Long-Term Care/classification :
Nursing Homes/economics/statistics & numerical data : Nursing Services/utilization : Time and Motion Studies : United States