Comprehension of quality care indicators: differences among privately insured, publicly insured, and uninsured.
Jewett, Jacquelyn J
Date of Pub
Hibbard, Judith H
This study explores consumers' comprehension of quality indicators appearing in health care report cards. Content analyses
of focus group transcripts show differences in understanding individual quality indicators and among three populations: privately
insured; Medicaid; and uninsured. Several rounds of coding and analysis assess: the degree of comprehension; what important
ideas are not understood; and what exactly is not understood about the indicator (inter-rater reliability exceeded 94 percent).
Thus, this study is an educational diagnosis of the comprehension of currently disseminated quality indicators. Fifteen focus
groups (5 per insurance type) were conducted with a total of 104 participants. Findings show that consumers with differing
access to and experiences with care have different levels of comprehension. Indicators are not well understood and are interpreted
in unintended ways. Implications and strategies for communicating and disseminating quality information are discussed.
Consumer Participation : Awareness : Communication : Consumer Satisfaction : Focus Groups : Health Care Surveys : Human :
Information Services/standards/utilization : Insurance, Health/standards : Medicaid/standards : Medically Uninsured : Quality
of Health Care/classification/standards : Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S. : United States