Drawing upon an individual's needs, values, and expectations to guide decisionmaking and care giving is integral to long-term
care (LTC). Articles in this issue demonstrate that client values and preferences can be elicited and used to guide decisionmaking
about LTC. Service delivery and payment features can be shaped to support the patient/consumer, as well as to support and
strengthen her or his informal caregivers. Significant constraints to making LTC more client centered are also identified.
Key issues relate to the availability of and methods to process information as well as pressures on provider staff that impede
their ability to support clients and their families. More broadly, access to appropriate LTC services is being shaped by programmatic
shifts and legal forces that may enhance or impede the ability to place patients/clients at the center of LTC.
Activities of Daily Living : Caregivers : Conflict (Psychology) : Decision Making : Health Personnel : Health Services Accessibility
: Long-Term Care/organization & administration : Negotiating : Patient Participation : Patient-Centered Care/organization
& administration : Professional Competence : Quality of Life : United States