Return on Investment in Disease Management: A Review
Goetzel, R.. Z.
Date of Pub
Ozminkowski, R. J., Villagra, V. G., Duffy, J.
The results of 44 studies investigatingfinancial impact and return on investment(ROI) from disease management (DM) pro-grams
for asthma, congestive heart failure(CHF), diabetes, depression, and multipleillnesses were examined. A positive ROI wasfound
for programs directed at CHF andmultiple disease conditions. Some evidencesuggests that diabetes programs may savemore than
they cost, but additional studiesare needed. Results are mixed for asthmamanagement programs. Depression man-agement programs
cost more than they savein medical expenses, but may save moneywhen considering productivity outcomes.