Diagnostic Tests (other)
Federally Qualified Health Center Services
Home Health Services
Incident to a physician's professional Service
Inpatient Hospital Services
Outpatient Hospital Services Incident to a Physician's Service
Rural Health Clinic Services
Skilled Nursing Facility
This may not be an exhaustive list of all applicable Medicare benefit categories for this item or service.
In 2002, the National Quality Forum (NQF) published “Serious Reportable Events in Healthcare: A Consensus Report” 3, which listed 27 adverse events that were “serious, largely preventable and of concern to both the public and health care providers.” These events and subsequent revisions to the list became known as “never events.” This concept and need for the proposed reporting led to NQF’s “Consensus Standards Maintenance Committee on Serious Reportable Events,” which maintains and updates the list which currently contains 28 items. Among surgical events on the list is “Surgical procedure performed on the wrong patient.” Similar to any other patient population, Medicare beneficiaries experience serious injury and/or death if wrong surgeries are performed and may require additional healthcare in order to correct adverse outcomes resulting from such errors.
Indications and Limitations of Coverage
B. Nationally Covered Indications
C. Nationally Non-Covered Indications
The CMS does not cover a particular surgical or other invasive procedure to treat a particular medical condition when a practitioner erroneously performs a procedure that was intended for a different patient on a Medicare beneficiary who does not need that procedure because it is not a reasonable and necessary treatment for the Medicare beneficiary’s particular medical condition.
A surgical or other invasive procedure is considered to have been performed on the wrong patient if that procedure is not consistent with the correctly documented informed consent for that patient.
Surgical and other invasive procedures are defined as operative procedures in which skin or mucous membranes and connective tissue are incised or an instrument is introduced through a natural body orifice. Invasive procedures include a range of procedures from minimally invasive dermatological procedures (biopsy, excision, and deep cryotherapy for malignant lesions) to extensive multi-organ transplantation. They include all procedures described by the codes in the surgery section of the Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) and other invasive procedures such as percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and cardiac catheterization. They include minimally invasive procedures involving biopsies or placement of probes or catheters requiring the entry into a body cavity through a needle or trocar. They do not include use of instruments such as otoscopes for examinations or very minor procedures such as drawing blood.
(NCD last reviewed January 2009.)
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