SUPERSEDED Local Coverage Determination (LCD)

Chiropractic Services

L37254

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Proposed LCD
Proposed LCDs are works in progress that are available on the Medicare Coverage Database site for public review. Proposed LCDs are not necessarily a reflection of the current policies or practices of the contractor.
Superseded
To see the currently-in-effect version of this document, go to the section.

Document Note

Note History

Contractor Information

LCD Information

Document Information

Source LCD ID
N/A
LCD ID
L37254
Original ICD-9 LCD ID
Not Applicable
LCD Title
Chiropractic Services
Proposed LCD in Comment Period
N/A
Source Proposed LCD
DL37254
Original Effective Date
For services performed on or after 11/06/2017
Revision Effective Date
For services performed on or after 01/26/2023
Revision Ending Date
01/31/2024
Retirement Date
N/A
Notice Period Start Date
09/21/2017
Notice Period End Date
11/05/2017

CPT codes, descriptions, and other data only are copyright 2023 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/HHSARS apply.

Fee schedules, relative value units, conversion factors and/or related components are not assigned by the AMA, are not part of CPT, and the AMA is not recommending their use. The AMA does not directly or indirectly practice medicine or dispense medical services. The AMA assumes no liability for data contained or not contained herein.

Current Dental Terminology © 2023 American Dental Association. All rights reserved.

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Making copies or utilizing the content of the UB‐04 Manual, including the codes and/or descriptions, for internal purposes, resale and/or to be used in any product or publication; creating any modified or derivative work of the UB‐04 Manual and/or codes and descriptions; and/or making any commercial use of UB‐04 Manual or any portion thereof, including the codes and/or descriptions, is only authorized with an express license from the American Hospital Association. The American Hospital Association (the "AHA") has not reviewed, and is not responsible for, the completeness or accuracy of any information contained in this material, nor was the AHA or any of its affiliates, involved in the preparation of this material, or the analysis of information provided in the material. The views and/or positions presented in the material do not necessarily represent the views of the AHA. CMS and its products and services are not endorsed by the AHA or any of its affiliates.

Issue

Issue Description

This LCD outlines limited coverage for this service with specific details under Coverage Indications, Limitations and/or Medical Necessity.

Issue - Explanation of Change Between Proposed LCD and Final LCD

CMS National Coverage Policy

Language quoted from Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). National Coverage Determinations (NCDs) and coverage provisions in interpretive manuals is italicized throughout the policy. NCDs and coverage provisions in interpretive manuals are not subject to the Local Coverage Determination (LCD) Review Process (42 CFR 405.860[b] and 42 CFR 426 [Subpart D]). In addition, an administrative law judge may not review an NCD. See Section 1869(f)(1)(A)(i) of the Social Security Act.

Unless otherwise specified, italicized text represents quotation from one or more of the following CMS sources:

Title XVIII of the Social Security Act (SSA):

Section 1833(e) prohibits Medicare payment for any claim which lacks the necessary information to process the claim.

Section 1862(a)(1)(A) excludes expenses incurred for items or services which are not reasonable and necessary for the diagnosis or treatment of illness or injury or to improve the functioning of a malformed body member.

Code of Federal Regulations:

42 CFR 410.21 describes limitations on services of a chiropractor.

42 CFR Section 410.32, indicates that diagnostic tests may only be ordered by the treating physician (or other treating practitioner acting within the scope of his or her license and Medicare requirements).

CMS Publications:

CMS Publication 100-01, Medicare General Information, Eligibility and Entitlement Manual, Chapter 5:

    70.6 Chiropractors

CMS Publication 100-02, Medicare Benefit Policy Manual, Chapter 15:

    30.5 Physician Services – Chiropractor’s Services

CMS Publication 100-02, Medicare Benefit Policy Manual, Chapter 15:

    240 Chiropractic Services - General

 

Coverage Guidance

Coverage Indications, Limitations, and/or Medical Necessity

Abstract:

Chiropractic manipulative treatment (CMT) is a form of manual treatment to influence joint and neurophysiological function. This treatment may be accomplished using a variety of techniques. Medicare covers limited chiropractic services when performed by a chiropractor who is licensed or legally authorized to furnish chiropractic services by the State or jurisdiction in which the services are furnished (CMS Publication 100-01, Medicare General Information, Eligibility and Entitlement Manual, Chapter 5, Section 70.6). A chiropractor must also meet uniform minimum standards as set forth in the CMS Internet-Only Manual (IOM) Publication 100-1, Chapter 5, Section 70.6. This policy restates language directly from the CMS Internet-Only manuals and if necessary provides clarification to educate providers on specified Medicare requirements for the diagnosis, treatment, documentation and billing of chiropractic services.
Indications

Chiropractic Services – Active Treatment:


The patient must have a significant health problem in the form of a neuromusculoskeletal condition necessitating treatment, and the manipulative services rendered must have a direct therapeutic relationship to the patient’s condition and provide reasonable expectation of recovery or improvement of function. The patient must have a subluxation of the spine as demonstrated by x-ray or physical exam. (CMS Publication 100-02, Medicare Benefit Policy Manual, Chapter 15, Section 240.1.3)

Most spinal joint problems fall into the following categories:

Acute subluxation - A patient’s condition is considered acute when the patient is being treated for a new injury, identified by x-ray or physical exam as specified above. The result of chiropractic manipulation is expected to be an improvement in, or arrest of progression, of the patient’s condition.

Chronic subluxation - A patient’s condition is considered chronic when it is not expected to significantly improve or be resolved with further treatment (as is the case with an acute condition), but where the continued therapy can be expected to result in some functional improvement. Once the clinical status has remained stable for a given condition, without expectation of additional objective clinical improvements, further manipulative treatment is considered maintenance therapy and is not covered.
(CMS Publication 100-02, Medicare Benefit Policy Manual, Chapter 15, Section 240.1.3)

An acute exacerbation is a temporary but marked deterioration of the patient’s condition that is causing significant interference with activities of daily living due to an acute flare-up of the previously treated condition. The patient’s clinical record must specify the date of occurrence, nature of the onset, or other pertinent factors that would support the medical necessity of treatment. As with an acute injury, treatment should result in improvement or arrest of the deterioration within a reasonable period of time.

A. Maintenance Therapy

Maintenance therapy includes services that seek to prevent disease, promote health and prolong and enhance the quality of life, or maintain or prevent deterioration of a chronic condition. When further clinical improvement cannot reasonably be expected from continuous ongoing care, and the chiropractic treatment becomes supportive rather than corrective in nature, the treatment is then considered maintenance therapy.
(CMS Publication 100-02, Medicare Benefit Policy Manual, Chapter 15, Section 240.1.3A)

B. Contraindications

Dynamic thrust is the therapeutic force or maneuver delivered by the physician during manipulation in the anatomic region of involvement. A relative contraindication is a condition that adds significant risk of injury to the patient from dynamic thrust, but does not rule out the use of dynamic thrust. The doctor should discuss this risk with the patient and record this in the chart.
(CMS Publication 100-02, Medicare Benefit Policy Manual, Chapter 15, Section 240.1.3B)

The following are relative contraindications to Dynamic thrust:

      Articular hyper mobility and circumstances where the stability of the joint is uncertain;

 

      Severe demineralization of bone;

 

      Benign bone tumors (spine);

 

      Bleeding disorders and anticoagulant therapy; and

 

    Radiculopathy with progressive neurological signs.

(CMS Publication 100-02, Medicare Benefit Policy Manual, Chapter 15, Section240.1.3B) Dynamic thrust is absolutely contraindicated near the site of demonstrated subluxation and proposed manipulation in the following:

      Acute arthropathies characterized by acute inflammation and ligamentous laxity and anatomic subluxation or dislocation; including acute rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis;

 

      Acute fractures and dislocations or healed fractures and dislocations with signs of instability;

 

      An unstable os odontoideum;

 

      Malignancies that involve the vertebral column;

 

      Infection of bones or joints of the vertebral column;

 

      Signs and symptoms of myelopathy or cauda equina syndrome;

 

      For cervical spinal manipulations, vertebrobasilar insufficiency syndrome; and

 

    A significant major artery aneurysm near the proposed manipulation.

(CMS Publication 100-02, Medicare Benefit Policy Manual, Chapter 15, Section 240.1.3B)
Limitations


The term “physician” under Part B includes a chiropractor who meets the specified qualifying requirements set forth in §30.5 but only for treatment by means of manual manipulation of the spine to correct a subluxation. (CMS Publication 100-02, Medicare Benefit Policy Manual, Chapter 15, Section 240)

Coverage extends only to treatment by means of manual manipulation of the spine to correct a subluxation provided such treatment is legal in the State where performed. All other services furnished or ordered by chiropractors are not covered. (CMS Publication 100-02, Medicare Benefit Policy Manual, Chapter 15, Section 30.5)

Coverage of chiropractic service is specifically limited to treatment by means of manual manipulation, i.e., by use of the hands. Additionally, manual devices (i.e., those that are hand-held with the thrust of the force of the device being controlled manually) may be used by chiropractors in performing manual manipulation of the spine. However, no additional payment is available for use of the device, nor does Medicare recognize an extra charge for the device itself. (CMS Publication 100-02, Medicare Benefit Policy Manual, Chapter 15: Section 240.1.3)

No other diagnostic or therapeutic service furnished by a chiropractor or under the chiropractor’s order is covered. This means that if a chiropractor orders, takes, or interprets an x-ray, or any other diagnostic test, the x-ray or other diagnostic test, can be used for claims processing purposes, but Medicare coverage and payment are not available for those services. This prohibition does not affect the coverage of x-rays or other diagnostic tests furnished by other practitioners under the program. For example, an x-ray or any diagnostic test taken for the purpose of determining or demonstrating the existence of a subluxation of the spine is a diagnostic x-ray test covered under §1861(s)(3) of the Act if ordered, taken, and interpreted by a physician who is a doctor of medicine or osteopathy. (CMS Publication 100-02, Medicare Benefit Policy Manual, Chapter 15, Section 240.1.1)

The mere statement or diagnosis of "pain" is not sufficient to support medical necessity for the treatments. The precise level(s) of the subluxation(s) must be specified by the chiropractor to substantiate a claim for manipulation of each spinal region(s). There are five spinal regions addressed by this LCD: cervical region (atlanto-occipital joint), thoracic region (costovertebral/costotransverse joints), lumbar region, pelvic region (sacro-iliac joint) and sacral region (ref. CPT® Professional Edition 2017 p. 672).

Medicare does not cover chiropractic treatments to extraspinal regions (CPT 98943).The five extraspinal regions are: head (including temporomandibular joint, excluding atlanto-occipital) region; lower extremities; upper extremities; rib care (excluding costotransverse and costovertebral joints) and abdomen (CPT Assistant Nov 98:38).
The five extraspinal regions referred to are: head (including, temporomandibular joint, excluding atlanto-occipital) region; lower extremities; upper extremities; rib cage (excluding costotransverse and costovertebral joints) and abdomen (CPT Assistant Nov 98:38). Medicare does not cover chiropractic treatments to extraspinal regions (CPT 98943), which includes the head, upper and lower extremities, rib cage and abdomen.

For Medicare purposes, a chiropractor must place an AT modifier on a claim when providing active/corrective treatment to treat acute or chronic subluxation. However the presence of the AT modifier may not in all instances indicate that the service is reasonable and necessary. As always, contractors may deny if appropriate after medical review. (CMS Publication 100-02, Medicare Benefit Policy Manual, Chapter 15, Section 240.1.3) Modifier AT must only be used when the chiropractic manipulation is “reasonable and necessary” as defined by national policy and the LCD. Modifier AT must not be used when maintenance therapy has been performed. The need for a prolonged course of treatment should be appropriate to the reported procedure code(s) and medical necessity must be documented clearly in the medical record.

Summary of Evidence

N/A

Analysis of Evidence (Rationale for Determination)

N/A

Proposed Process Information

Synopsis of Changes
Changes Fields Changed
N/A
Associated Information
Sources of Information
Bibliography
Open Meetings
Meeting Date Meeting States Meeting Information
N/A
Contractor Advisory Committee (CAC) Meetings
Meeting Date Meeting States Meeting Information
N/A
MAC Meeting Information URLs
N/A
Proposed LCD Posting Date
Comment Period Start Date
Comment Period End Date
Reason for Proposed LCD
Requestor Information
This request was MAC initiated.
Requestor Name Requestor Letter
View Letter
N/A
Contact for Comments on Proposed LCD

Coding Information

Bill Type Codes

Code Description
N/A

Revenue Codes

Code Description
N/A

CPT/HCPCS Codes

Group 1

Group 1 Paragraph

N/A

Group 1 Codes

N/A

N/A

ICD-10-CM Codes that Support Medical Necessity

Group 1

Group 1 Paragraph:

N/A

Group 1 Codes:

N/A

N/A

ICD-10-CM Codes that DO NOT Support Medical Necessity

Group 1

Group 1 Paragraph:

N/A

Group 1 Codes:

N/A

N/A

Additional ICD-10 Information

General Information

Associated Information

Documentation Requirements:

The patient's medical record must contain documentation that fully supports the medical necessity for services included within this LCD. (See "Indications and Limitations of Coverage.") This documentation includes, but is not limited to, relevant medical history, physical examination, and results of pertinent diagnostic tests or procedures.

Chiropractic care is focused on the treatment goals outlined in the Plan of Care.

A plan of care should be individualized for each patient and should include the following:

  • Recommended level of care (duration and frequency of visits)
  • Specific treatment goals ( with documentation of progress or lack thereof within the clinical records)
  • Objective measures to evaluate treatment effectiveness (with qualitative and/or quantitative measures)



The use of objective measures at the beginning of treatment, during and/or after treatment is recommended to quantify progress and support justifications for continued treatment. Therefore, treatment effectiveness must be assessed at appropriate intervals during subsequent visits (objective measurable goals).

Specific recommendations (i.e. ‘home program’; life style modifications; etc.) for ongoing amelioration of musculoskeletal complaints should be provided as early in the course of treatment as possible; should be reinforced at each visit; and documented in the medical record.

For patients who have not achieved the goals documented in the Plan of Care, the practitioner should conclude the episode of chiropractic care in the last visit by documenting the clinical factors that contributed to the inability to meet the stated goals in the treatment plan.

The precise level of subluxation must be specified by the chiropractor to substantiate a claim for manipulation of the spine.

The level of spinal subluxation must bear a direct causal relationship to the patient's symptoms, and the symptoms must be directly related to the level of the subluxation that has been diagnosed.

Dynamic thrust is the therapeutic force or maneuver delivered by the physician during manipulation in the anatomic region of involvement. A relative contraindication is a condition that adds significant risk of injury to the patient from dynamic thrust, but does not rule out the use of dynamic thrust. The doctor must discuss this risk with the patient and record this in the chart.

The need for a prolonged course of treatment must be clearly documented in the medical record. Treatment should result in improvement or arrest of deterioration of subluxation within a reasonable and generally predictable period of time.

The word “correction” may be used in lieu of “treatment.” Also, a number of different terms composed of the following words may be used to describe manual manipulation:

  • Spine or spinal adjustment by manual means;

  • Spine or spinal manipulation;

  • Manual adjustment; and

  • Vertebral manipulation or adjustment.

(CMS Publication 100-02, Medicare Benefit Policy Manual, Chapter 15, Section 240.1.1)

Documentation Requirements: History

The history recorded in the patient record should include the following:

      Symptoms causing patient to seek treatment;

 

      Family history if relevant;

 

      Past health history (general health, prior illness, injuries, or hospitalizations; medications; surgical history);

 

      Mechanism of trauma;

 

      Quality and character of symptoms/problem;

 

      Onset, duration, intensity, frequency, location and radiation of symptoms;

 

      Aggravating or relieving factors; and

 

    Prior interventions, treatments, medications, secondary complaints

(CMS Publication 100-02, Medicare Benefit Policy Manual, Chapter 15, Section 240.1.2.2).

Documentation Requirements: Initial Visit

The following documentation requirements apply whether the subluxation is demonstrated by x-ray or by physical examination:

  1. History as stated above.

  2. Description of the present illness including:

    Mechanism of trauma;
    Quality and character of symptoms/problem;
    Onset, duration, intensity, frequency, location, and radiation of symptoms;
    Aggravating or relieving factors;
    Prior interventions, treatments, medications, secondary complaints; and
    Symptoms causing patient to seek treatment.

    These symptoms must bear a direct relationship to the level of subluxation. The symptoms should refer to the spine (spondyle or vertebral), muscle (myo), bone (osseo or osteo), rib (costo or costal) and joint (arthro) and be reported as pain (algia), inflammation (itis), or as signs such as swelling, spasticity, etc. Vertebral pinching of spinal nerves may cause headaches, arm, shoulder, and hand problems as well as leg and foot pains and numbness. Rib and rib/chest pains are also recognized symptoms, but in general other symptoms must relate to the spine as such. The subluxation must be causal, i.e., the symptoms must be related to the level of the subluxation that has been cited. A statement on a claim that there is “pain” is insufficient. The location of pain must be described and whether the particular vertebra listed is capable of producing pain in the area determined.

  3. Evaluation of musculoskeletal/nervous system through physical examination.

  4. Diagnosis: The primary diagnosis must be subluxation, including the level of subluxation, either so stated or identified by a term descriptive of subluxation. Such terms may refer either to the condition of the spinal joint involved or to the direction of position assumed by the particular bone named.

  5. Treatment Plan: The treatment plan should include the following:

    Recommended level of care (duration and frequency of visits);
    Specific treatment goals; and
    Objective measures to evaluate treatment effectiveness.

  6. Date of the initial treatment.

(CMS Publication 100-02, Medicare Benefit Policy Manual, Chapter 15, Section 240.1.2.2A)

Documentation Requirements: Subsequent Visits

The following documentation requirements apply whether the subluxation is demonstrated by x-ray or by physical examination:

      1. History (an interval history sufficient to support continuing need; document substantive changes)



      Review of chief complaint;

 

      Changes since last visit;

 

      System review if relevant.



      2. Physical exam (interval; document subsequent changes; a full repeat P.A.R.T. is not expected)



      Exam of area of spine involved in diagnosis;

 

      Assessment of change in patient condition since last visit;

 

      Evaluation of treatment effectiveness;



    3. Documentation of treatment given on day of visit.

(CMS Publication 100-02, Medicare Benefit Policy Manual, Chapter 15, Section 240.1.2.2B)

4. Documentation of how the day’s treatment fits within the plan of care (e.g. “visit 4 of planned 7 treatments”) and any way the treatment plan is being changed.

Documentation: X-Ray/CT/MRI

An x-ray may be used to document subluxation. The x-ray must have been taken at a time reasonably proximate to the initiation of a course of treatment. Unless more specific x-ray evidence is warranted, an x-ray is considered reasonably proximate if it was taken no more than 12 months prior to or 3 months following the initiation of a course of chiropractic treatment.

In certain cases of chronic subluxation (e.g., scoliosis), an older x-ray may be accepted provided the beneficiary’s health record indicates the condition has existed longer than 12 months and there is a reasonable basis for concluding that the condition is permanent.

A previous CT scan and/or MRI is acceptable evidence if a subluxation of the spine is demonstrated.
(CMS Publication 100-02, Medicare Benefit Policy Manual, Chapter 15, Section 240.1.2.1)

If the diagnostic studies have been taken in a hospital or outpatient facility, a written report, including interpretation and diagnosis by a physician must be present in the patient's medical record. Documentation of the chiropractor's review of the x-ray (MRI/CT) noting the level of subluxation must be maintained in the medical record.

Documentation: Demonstrated by Physical Examination (aka “P.A.R.T. Evaluation Process”)

The P.A.R.T. evaluation process is recommended as the examination alternative to the previously mandated demonstration of subluxation by x-ray/MRI/CT for services beginning January 1, 2000. The acronym P.A.R.T. identifies diagnostic criteria for spinal dysfunction (subluxation).

P - Pain/tenderness evaluated in terms of location, quality and intensity: The perception of pain and tenderness is assessed. Most primary neuromusculoskeletal disorders manifest primarily by a painful response. Pain and tenderness findings may be identified through one or more of the following: observation, percussion, palpation, provocation, etc. Furthermore, pain intensity may be assessed using one or more of the following; visual analog scales, algometers, pain questionnaires, etc.

A - Asymmetry/misalignment identified on a sectional or segmental level: observation (posture and heat analysis), static palpation for misalignment of vertebral segments, diagnostic imaging, etc.

R - Range of motion abnormality (changes in active, passive, and accessory joint movements resulting in an increase or a decrease of sectional or segmental mobility. Range of motion abnormalities may be identified through one or more of the following: motion palpation, observation, stress diagnostic imaging, range of motion, measurement(s), etc.

T -Tissue, tone changes in the characteristics of contiguous or associated soft tissues including skin, fascia, muscle and ligament: Abnormalities in tone, texture and/or temperature may be identified through one or more of the following procedures: observation, palpation, use of instrumentation, test of length and strength, etc.

To demonstrate a subluxation based on physical examination, two of the four (P.A.R.T.) criteria are required, one of which must be asymmetry/misalignment or range of motion abnormality.

Documentation of changes in the patient’s examination, status, progression must be recorded at each visit.

The evaluation process must be ongoing. Signs and certain symptoms must be rechecked during the course of treatment to determine the extent of the patient progress. Standardized measurement scales (e.g., Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Questionnaire, and the Quebec Back Pain Disability Scale) may be used to measure improvement or lack thereof. This ongoing evaluation and assessment forming the basis for treatment modification is a key factor in total patient management. The initial examination, no matter how thorough, cannot be expected to provide all the answers. A treatment trial should be instituted with its effects assessed to determine whether it should be continued or a different plan devised. Moreover, it is the examination that forms the foundation for treatment, guiding the doctor in selecting appropriate treatment techniques, frequency, and course of treatment.

On receipt of a request for documentation, at a minimum, the practitioner must submit the Initial Visit’s (ref. CMS 1500 box 14) Treatment Plan, the Concluding/Discharge Visit and Subsequent Visits that demonstrate any change in the History, Physical Exam or Treatment Plan.

Appendices:

Not applicable

Utilization Guidelines:

Only one chiropractic manipulation service for a beneficiary can be reimbursed per day.

The frequency and duration of chiropractic treatment must be medically necessary and based on the individual patient’s condition and response to treatment. Prolonged or repeated courses of treatment are more likely to undergo medical review.

Sources of Information
N/A
Bibliography
  1. This bibliography presents those sources that were obtained during the development of this policy. CGS is not responsible for the continuing viability of Web site addresses listed below.
  2.  American Chiropractic Association / Medicare Administrative Contractor Collaborative Outreach Forums on February 26, 2015, September 24, 2015 and March 16, 2017.
    Carrier Advisory Committee
  3. National Government Services, First Coast Service Options and other Medicare contractors’ local coverage determinations.
  4. Astin JA, Ernest W. The effectiveness of spinal manipulation for the treatment of headache disorders: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials. Cephalgia. 2002;22:617-623.
  5. Brantingham JW. A critical look at the subluxation hypothesis. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1988;11:130-132.
  6. Brantingham JW. A critical look at the subluxation hypothesis – In reply. J Manipulative Physiol Ther. 1989;12:154-155.
  7. Bronfort G, Assendelft JJ, Evans R, Haas M, Bouter L. Efficacy of spinal manipulation for chronic headache: a systematic review. J Manipulative Physio Ther. 2001;24(7):457-466.
  8. Cherkin DC, Mootz RD (editors). Chiropractic in the United States: Training, Practice, and Research. AHCPR Publication No. 98-N002. Agency for Health Care Policy and Research. Public Health Service, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, December 1997.
  9. Haldeman S, Chapman-Smith D, Petersen DM. Guidelines for chiropractic quality assurance and practice parameters. Proceedings of the Mercy Center Consensus Conference. Aspen Publishers, Inc. 1993.
  10. Jull G, Trott P, Potter H, et al. A randomized controlled trial of exercise and manipulative therapy for cervicogenic headache. Spine. 2002;27(17):1835-1843.
  11. Leboeuf-Yde C. How real is the subluxation? A research perspective. J Maniulative Physio Ther. 1998;21:492-494.
  12. Tullberg T, Blomberg S, Branth B, et al. Manipulation does not alter the position of the sacroiliac joint: a roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis. Spine. 1998;23(10):1124-1128.

Revision History Information

Revision History Date Revision History Number Revision History Explanation Reasons for Change
01/26/2023 R10

R10

Revision Effective: 01/26/2023

Revision Explanation: Annual Review, no changes were made.

01/20/2023: At this time 21st Century Cures Act will apply to new and revised LCDs that restrict coverage which requires comment and notice. This revision is not a restriction to the coverage determination; and, therefore not all the fields included on the LCD are applicable as noted in this policy.

  • Other (Annual Review)
02/03/2022 R9

R9

Revision Effective: 02/03/2022

Revision Explanation: Annual Review, no changes were made

01/26/2022: At this time 21st Century Cures Act will apply to new and revised LCDs that restrict coverage which requires comment and notice. This revision is not a restriction to the coverage determination; and, therefore not all the fields included on the LCD are applicable as noted in this policy.

  • Other (Annual Review)
02/04/2021 R8

R8

Revision Effective: N/A

Revision Explanation: Annual Review, no changes were made

01/27/2021: At this time 21st Century Cures Act will apply to new and revised LCDs that restrict coverage which requires comment and notice. This revision is not a restriction to the coverage determination; and, therefore not all the fields included on the LCD are applicable as noted in this policy.

  • Other (Annual Review)
09/19/2019 R7

R7

Revision Effective: N/A

Revision Explanation: Annual Review, no changes

1-28-2020:At this time 21st Century Cures Act will apply to new and revised LCDs that restrict coverage which requires comment and notice. This revision is not a restriction to the coverage determination; and, therefore not all the fields included on the LCD are applicable as noted in this policy.

  • Other (Annual Review)
09/19/2019 R6

R6

Revision Effective: 09/19/2019 Revision Explanation: Converted policy into new policy template that no longer includes coding section based on CR 10901. For Approval, no changes.

09/13/2019:At this time 21st Century Cures Act will apply to new and revised LCDs that restrict coverage which requires comment and notice. This revision is not a restriction to the coverage determination; and, therefore not all the fields included on the LCD are applicable as noted in this policy.

  • Revisions Due To Code Removal
09/19/2019 R5

R5

Revision Effective: 09/19/2019 Revision Explanation: Converted policy into new policy template that no longer includes coding section based on CR 10901.

09/12/2019:At this time 21st Century Cures Act will apply to new and revised LCDs that restrict coverage which requires comment and notice. This revision is not a restriction to the coverage determination; and, therefore not all the fields included on the LCD are applicable as noted in this policy.

  • Revisions Due To Code Removal
04/04/2019 R4

R4
Revision Effective: 04/04/2019
Revision Explanation: Removed bill type from policy into related Billing and Coding article. Coding information was removed based on CR10901. 

03/29/2019:At this time 21st Century Cures Act will apply to new and revised LCDs that restrict coverage which requires comment and notice. This revision is not a restriction to the coverage determination; and, therefore not all the fields included on the LCD are applicable as noted in this policy.

  • Other (Removed bill type codes based on CR10901.)
04/04/2019 R3

R3
Revision Effective: 04/04/2019
Revision Explanation: Removed all billing and coding details from policy into related Billing and Coding article. Coding information was removed based on CR10901. 

03/29/2019:At this time 21st Century Cures Act will apply to new and revised LCDs that restrict coverage which requires comment and notice. This revision is not a restriction to the coverage determination; and, therefore not all the fields included on the LCD are applicable as noted in this policy.

  • Other (removed billing and coding details)
01/16/2018 R2

R2

Revision Effective: N/A

Revision Explanation: Annual review no changes made.

01/28/2019:At this time 21st Century Cures Act will apply to new and revised LCDs that restrict coverage which requires comment and notice. This revision is not a restriction to the coverage determination; and, therefore not all the fields included on the LCD are applicable as noted in this policy.

  • Other (Annual Review)
01/16/2018 R1

R1

Revision Effective: N/A

Revision Explanation: Annual review no changes made.

01/30/2018:At this time 21st Century Cures Act will apply to new and revised LCDs that restrict coverage which requires comment and notice. This revision is not a restriction to the coverage determination; and, therefore not all the fields included on the LCD are applicable as noted in this policy.

  • Other (Annual Review)
N/A

Associated Documents

Attachments
N/A
Related National Coverage Documents
N/A
Public Versions
Updated On Effective Dates Status
01/25/2024 02/01/2024 - N/A Currently in Effect View
01/20/2023 01/26/2023 - 01/31/2024 Superseded You are here
Some older versions have been archived. Please visit the MCD Archive Site to retrieve them.

Keywords

  • Chiro
  • Manipulation
  • Treatment Plan
  • P.A.R.T.

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