Steven A. Blackwell, David K. Baugh, Melissa A. Montgomery, Gary M. Ciborowski, Charles J. Waldron, & Gerald F. Riley
Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
OBJECTIVES: (1) to assess non-compliance among Medicare Part D recipients for the cardiovascular medication classes; (2) to identify the probability of noncompliance for each medication class when controlling for the potential risk factors of age, gender, race/ethnic origin, census region, disease burden, dual eligibility enrollment status, Part D plan status, relative out-of-pocket (OOP) non-class costs, and relative OOP daily class costs. DESIGN: Cross sectional retrospective review of 2007 Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Part D data. All drugs within a drug class were used to conduct the assessment. FINDINGS: Non-compliance was found to be lower than previously reported. Patients who are male, age 65 to 74, Black, or residing in the South are associated with higher noncompliance for cardiovascular medications among the therapeutic classes we studied. Dual eligibility enrollment is typically associated with improved compliance; enrollment in a Medicare Advantage Prescription Drug (MAPD) plan may or may not improve compliance dependent on the therapeutic class under study. Increased disease burden is associated with lower compliance. OOP non-class costs had an opposing effect on compliance as compared to OOP daily costs; higher OOP non-class costs were associated with better compliance. CONCLUSION: Identifying patient characteristics that may contribute positively or negatively to medication compliance is an essential step to improved therapy. As a strategy to improve compliance, the proper selection of therapy that fits a particular patient is paramount.
Keywords: Medicare, Part D, Cardiovascular, Noncompliance