Local Coverage Article

Refractive Lenses - Policy Article

A52499

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Contractor Information

Article Information

General Information

Article ID
A52499
Original ICD-9 Article ID
A47054
A23975
A23658
A23900
Article Title
Refractive Lenses - Policy Article
Article Type
Article
Original Effective Date
10/01/2015
Revision Effective Date
10/01/2020
Revision Ending Date
N/A
Retirement Date
N/A
AMA CPT / ADA CDT / AHA NUBC Copyright Statement

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Fee schedules, relative value units, conversion factors and/or related components are not assigned by the AMA, are not part of CPT, and the AMA is not recommending their use. The AMA does not directly or indirectly practice medicine or dispense medical services. The AMA assumes no liability for data contained or not contained herein.

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Article Guidance

Article Text

NON-MEDICAL NECESSITY COVERAGE AND PAYMENT RULES

For any item to be covered by Medicare, it must 1) be eligible for a defined Medicare benefit category, 2) be reasonable and necessary for the diagnosis or treatment of illness or injury or to improve the functioning of a malformed body member, and 3) meet all other applicable Medicare statutory and regulatory requirements. Information provided in this policy article relates to determinations other than those based on Social Security Act §1862(a)(1)(A) provisions (i.e. “reasonable and necessary”).

Refractive lenses are covered under the Prosthetics and Artificial Limbs benefit category (Social Security Act §1861(s)(8)). In order for a beneficiary’s equipment to be eligible for reimbursement, the reasonable and necessary (R&N) requirements set out in the related Local Coverage Determination must be met. In addition, there are specific statutory payment policy requirements, discussed below, that also must be met.

Refractive lenses are covered when they are used to restore the vision normally provided by the natural lens of the eye of an individual lacking the organic lens because of surgical removal or congenital absence. Covered diagnoses are limited to pseudophakia (condition in which the natural lens has been replaced with an artificial intraocular lens [IOL]), aphakia (condition in which the natural lens has been removed but there is no IOL), and congenital aphakia. Lenses provided for other diagnoses will be denied as noncovered.

Refractive lenses are covered even though the surgical removal of the natural lens occurred before Medicare entitlement.

For beneficiaries with pseudophakia, coverage is limited to one pair of eyeglasses or contact lenses after each cataract surgery with insertion of an IOL. Replacement frames, eyeglass lenses and contact lenses are noncovered. If a beneficiary has a cataract extraction with IOL insertion in one eye, subsequently has a cataract extraction with IOL insertion in the other eye, and does not receive eyeglasses or contact lenses between the two surgical procedures, Medicare covers only one pair of eyeglasses or contact lenses after the second surgery. If a beneficiary has a pair of eyeglasses, has a cataract extraction with IOL insertion, and receives only new lenses but not new frames after the surgery, the benefit would not cover new frames at a later date (unless it follows subsequent cataract extraction in the other eye).

Refer to the Local Coverage Determination (LCD) for information about coverage of lenses for aphakic beneficiaries (i.e., those who do not have an IOL).

Because coverage of refractive lenses is based upon the Prosthetic Device benefit category, there is no coverage for frames or lens add-on codes unless there is a covered lens(es). Frames provided without a covered lens(es) will be denied as noncovered.

Tinted lenses (V2745), including photochromatic lenses (V2744), used as sunglasses, which are prescribed in addition to regular prosthetic lenses to a pseudophakic beneficiary, will be denied as noncovered.

Scratch resistant coating (V2760), mirror coating (V2761), polarization (V2762), deluxe lens feature (V2702) and progressive lenses (V2781) will be denied as noncovered.

Use of polycarbonate or similar material (V2784) or high index glass or plastic (V2782, V2783) for indications such as light weight or thinness will be denied as a noncovered deluxe feature.

Specialty occupational multifocal lenses (V2786) will be denied as noncovered.

Only standard frames (V2020) are covered. Additional charges for deluxe frames (V2025) will be denied as noncovered.

When hydrophilic soft contact lenses (V2520, V2521, V2522, V2523) are used as a corneal dressing, they are denied as noncovered because in this situation they do not meet the definition of a prosthetic device.

Eyeglass cases (V2756) will be denied as noncovered.

Contact lens cleaning solution and normal saline for contact lenses will be denied as noncovered.

Low vision aids (V2600, V2610, V2615) will be denied as noncovered because coverage under the Medicare prosthetic benefit is limited to persons with congenital absence or surgical removal of the lens of the eye.

Vision supplies, accessories, and/or service components of another HCPCS vision code (V2797) will be denied as not separately payable.

REQUIREMENTS FOR SPECIFIC DMEPOS ITEMS PURSUANT TO Final Rule 1713 (84 Fed. Reg Vol 217)

Final Rule 1713 (84 Fed. Reg Vol 217) requires a face-to-face encounter and a Written Order Prior to Delivery (WOPD) for specified HCPCS codes. CMS and the DME MACs provide a list of the specified codes, which is periodically updated. The link will be located here once it is available.

Claims for the specified items subject to Final Rule 1713 (84 Fed. Reg Vol 217) that do not meet the face-to-face encounter and WOPD requirements specified in the LCD-related Standard Documentation Requirements Article (A55426) will be denied as not reasonable and necessary.

If a supplier delivers an item prior to receipt of a WOPD, it will be denied as not reasonable and necessary. If the WOPD is not obtained prior to delivery, payment will not be made for that item even if a WOPD is subsequently obtained by the supplier. If a similar item is subsequently provided by an unrelated supplier who has obtained a WOPD, it will be eligible for coverage.

POLICY SPECIFIC DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS

In addition to policy specific documentation requirements, there are general documentation requirements that are applicable to all DMEPOS policies. These general requirements are located in the DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS section of the LCD.

Refer to the LCD-related Standard Documentation Requirements article, located at the bottom of this Policy Article under the Related Local Coverage Documents section for additional information regarding GENERAL DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS and the POLICY SPECIFIC DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS discussed below.

The diagnosis code that justifies the need for these items must be included on the claim.


MODIFIERS

KX, GA, GY and GZ MODIFIERS:

For anti-reflective coating (V2750), tints (V2744, V2745) or oversized lenses (V2780), if medical necessity is documented by the treating practitioner, the KX modifier must be added to the code. For polycarbonate or Trivex TM lenses (V2784), if they are for a beneficiary with monocular vision, the KX modifier must be added to the code. The KX modifier may only be used when these requirements are met. When the KX modifier is billed, documentation to support the medical necessity of the lens feature must be available upon request.

For anti-reflective coating (V2750), polycarbonate or Trivex TM lenses (V2784), tints (V2744, V2745) or oversized lenses (V2780), if the coverage criteria have not been met, the GA or GZ modifier must be added to the code. When there is an expectation of a denial as not reasonable and necessary, suppliers must enter the GA modifier on the claim line if they have obtained a properly executed Advance Beneficiary Notice (ABN) or the GZ modifier if they have not obtained a valid ABN.

Claims lines for anti-reflective coating (V2750), tints (V2744, V2745), oversized lenses (V2780) or polycarbonate or Trivex TM lenses (V2784) billed without a KX, GA, GY or GZ modifier will be rejected as missing information.

Refer to the Supplier Manual for more information on documentation requirements.

CODING GUIDELINES

Deluxe lens features (V2702) include services and features such as lens edge treatments and lens drilling.

Photochromatic lenses (V2744) and contacts (V2524) are those in which the degree of tint changes in response to changes in ambient light. Code V2744 is used for any type of photochromatic lens, either glass or plastic. Code V2524 is used for any type of photochromatic contact lens.

Code V2745 is used for any type or color of lens tint, excluding photochromatic lenses.

Code V2755 must be used only if a UV coating is applied to a lens and not as an add-on code for the UV protection inherent in the lens material.

Anti-reflective coating (V2750) is a clear lens treatment used to decrease glare and internal/external reflections.

Mirror coatings (V2761) are colored, highly reflective lens treatments.

Progressive lens (V2781) is a multifocal lens that gradually changes in lens power from the top to the bottom of the lens, eliminating the line(s) that would otherwise be seen in a bifocal or trifocal lens.

Code V2784 is an add-on used for lenses made of impact-resistant material such as polycarbonate or Trivex TM. Codes V2782 and V2783 (high index) must not be billed in addition to code V2784.

Codes V2100, V2101, V2102, V2103, V2104, V2105, V2106, V2107, V2108, V2109, V2110, V2111, V2112, V2113, V2114, V2199, V2200, V2201, V2202, V2203, V2204, V2205, V2206, V2207, V2208, V2209, V2210, V2211, V2212, V2213, V2214, V2299, V2300, V2301, V2302, V2303, V2304, V2305, V2306, V2307, V2308, V2309, V2310, V2311, V2312, V2313, V2314, V2399, V2410, V2430, V2499, V2700, and V2770 describe specific eyeglass lenses. Only one of these codes may be billed for each lens provided. These codes include both aspheric and nonaspheric lenses.

Codes V2115, V2118, V2121, V2215, V2218, V2219, V2220, V2221, V2315, V2318, V2319, V2320, V2321, V2710, V2715, V2718, V2730, V2744, V2745, V2750, V2755, V2756, V2760, and V2780, V2781, V2782, V2783, V2784, V2786, V2797 describe add-on features of lenses. They are billed in addition to codes for the basic lens.

When billing claims for deluxe frames, use code V2020 for the cost of standard frames and a second line item using code V2025 for the difference between the charges for the deluxe frames and the standard frames.

When billing claims for progressive lenses, use the appropriate code for the standard bifocal (V2200, V2201, V2202, V2203, V2204, V2205, V2206, V2207, V2208, V2209, V2210, V2211, V2212, V2213, V2214, V2215, V2218, V2219, V2220, V2221, V2299) or trifocal (V2300, V2301, V2302, V2303, V2304, V2305, V2306, V2307, V2308, V2309, V2310, V2311, V2312, V2313, V2314, V2315, V2318, V2319, V2320, V2321, V2399) lenses and a second line item using code V2781 for the difference between the charge for the progressive lens and the standard lens.

The RT and/or LT modifiers must be used with all HCPCS codes in this policy except codes V2020, V2025 and V2600. Effective for claims with dates of service (DOS) on or after 3/1/2019, when lenses are provided bilaterally and the same code is used for both lenses, bill each item on two separate claim lines using the RT and LT modifiers and 1 unit of service (UOS) on each claim line. Do not use the RTLT modifier on the same claim line and billed with 2 UOS. Claims billed without modifiers RT and/or LT, or with RTLT on the same claim line and 2 UOS, will be rejected as incorrect coding.

PROSE® Device

PROSE® (BostonSight, Needham, MA) devices are designed to rest on the sclera or white part of the eye and are used to treat ocular surface diseases, including some types of "dry eye." For Medicare billing purposes correct HCPCS coding for this item is determined based upon the condition(s) being treated. When the PROSE® device is used as a treatment for either of the following indications listed below, the correct HCPCS code to use is V2627 (SCLERAL COVER SHELL):

  • Treatment of an eye rendered sightless and shrunken by inflammatory disease; or,

  • Treatment of "dry eye" where the PROSE® device serves as a substitute for the function of the diseased lacrimal gland.

When the PROSE® device is used for any conditions other than those listed above, the device must be coded with HCPCS code V2531 (CONTACT LENS, SCLERAL, GAS PERMEABLE, PER LENS (FOR CONTACT LENS MODIFICATION, SEE 92325)) and is subject to the Medicare refractive lens statutory coverage exclusion.

Suppliers should contact the Pricing, Data Analysis and Coding (PDAC)Contractor for guidance on the correct coding of these items.

Coding Information

CPT/HCPCS Codes

N/A

ICD-10-CM Codes that Support Medical Necessity

Group 1

Group 1 Paragraph

N/A

Group 1 Codes
CodeDescription
H27.00 Aphakia, unspecified eye
H27.01 Aphakia, right eye
H27.02 Aphakia, left eye
H27.03 Aphakia, bilateral
Q12.3 Congenital aphakia
Z96.1 Presence of intraocular lens

ICD-10-CM Codes that DO NOT Support Medical Necessity

N/A

Additional ICD-10 Information

N/A

Bill Type Codes

Contractors may specify Bill Types to help providers identify those Bill Types typically used to report this service. Absence of a Bill Type does not guarantee that the article does not apply to that Bill Type. Complete absence of all Bill Types indicates that coverage is not influenced by Bill Type and the article should be assumed to apply equally to all claims.

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Revenue Codes

Contractors may specify Revenue Codes to help providers identify those Revenue Codes typically used to report this service. In most instances Revenue Codes are purely advisory. Unless specified in the article, services reported under other Revenue Codes are equally subject to this coverage determination. Complete absence of all Revenue Codes indicates that coverage is not influenced by Revenue Code and the article should be assumed to apply equally to all Revenue Codes.

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Revision History Information

Revision History DateRevision History NumberRevision History Explanation
10/01/2020 R6

Revision Effective Date: 10/01/2020
CODING GUIDELINES:
Added: Guideline information for HCPCS code V2524

10/15/2020: At this time 21st Century Cures Act applies to new and revised LCDs which require comment and notice. This revision is to an article that is not a local coverage determination.

01/01/2020 R5

Revision Effective Date: 01/01/2020
NON-MEDICAL NECESSITY COVERAGE AND PAYMENT RULES:
Revised: Format of HCPCS code references, from code ‘spans’ to individually-listed HCPCS
REQUIREMENTS FOR SPECIFIC DMEPOS ITEMS PURSUANT TO FINAL RULE 1713 (84 Fed. Reg Vol 217):
Added: Section and related information based on Final Rule 1713
MODIFIERS:
Revised: “physician” to “practitioner”
CODING GUIDELINES:
Revised: Format of HCPCS code references, from code ‘spans’ to individually-listed HCPCS
ICD-10 CODES THAT SUPPORT MEDICAL NECESSITY:
Revised: Section header “ICD-10 Codes that are Covered” updated to “ICD-10 Codes that Support Medical Necessity”
ICD-10 CODES THAT DO NOT SUPPORT MEDICAL NECESSITY:
Revised: Section header “ICD-10 Codes that are Not Covered” updated to “ICD-10 Codes that DO NOT Support Medical Necessity”
 
02/13/2020: At this time 21st Century Cures Act applies to new and revised LCDs which require comment and notice. This revision is to an article that is not a local coverage determination.

03/01/2019 R4

Revision Effective Date: 03/01/2019
CODING GUIDELINES:
Revised: RT and LT modifier billing instructions
Added: Coding guidelines for PROSE® devices 

02/07/2019: At this time 21st Century Cures Act applies to new and revised LCDs which require comment and notice. This revision is to an article that is not a local coverage determination.

01/01/2017 R3 Revision Effective Date: 01/01/2017
POLICY SPECIFIC DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS:
Added: Diagnosis requirement on a claim and Modifier instructions
RELATED LOCAL COVERAGE DOCUMENTS:
Added: LCD-related Standard Documentation Requirements Language Article
07/01/2016 R2 Effective July 1, 2016 oversight for DME MAC Articles is the responsibility of CGS Administrators, LLC 18003 and 17013 and Noridian Healthcare Solutions, LLC 19003 and 16013. No other changes have been made to the Articles.
10/01/2015 R1 Revision Effective Date: 10/01/2015 (February 2015 Publication)
Removed: Reference to ICD-9 located in the narrative

Associated Documents

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