Local Coverage Article

Patient Lifts - Policy Article

A52516

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Contractor Information

Article Information

General Information

Article ID
A52516
Original ICD-9 Article ID
A23657
A23976
A47230
A23901
Article Title
Patient Lifts - Policy Article
Article Type
Article
Original Effective Date
10/01/2015
Revision Effective Date
01/01/2020
Revision Ending Date
N/A
Retirement Date
N/A
AMA CPT / ADA CDT / AHA NUBC Copyright Statement

CPT codes, descriptions and other data only are copyright 2020 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/HHSARS apply.

Fee schedules, relative value units, conversion factors and/or related components are not assigned by the AMA, are not part of CPT, and the AMA is not recommending their use. The AMA does not directly or indirectly practice medicine or dispense medical services. The AMA assumes no liability for data contained or not contained herein.

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Article Guidance

Article Text

NON-MEDICAL NECESSITY COVERAGE AND PAYMENT RULES:

For any item to be covered by Medicare, it must 1) be eligible for a defined Medicare benefit category, 2) be reasonable and necessary for the diagnosis or treatment of illness or injury or to improve the functioning of a malformed body member, and 3) meet all other applicable Medicare statutory and regulatory requirements. Information provided in this policy article relates to determinations other than those based on Social Security Act §1862(a)(1)(A) provisions (i.e. “reasonable and necessary”).

Patient lifts are covered under the Durable Medical Equipment benefit (Social Security Act §1861(s)(6)). In order for a beneficiary’s equipment to be eligible for reimbursement, the reasonable and necessary (R&N) requirements set out in the related Local Coverage Determination must be met. In addition, there are specific statutory payment policy requirements, discussed below, that also must be met. E0625 is non-covered; not primarily medical in nature.

Home modifications are noncovered by Medicare. Therefore suppliers must not submit claims for any structural changes or remodeling necessitated by the installation of a lift system.

REQUIREMENTS FOR SPECIFIC DMEPOS ITEMS PURSUANT TO Final Rule 1713 (84 Fed. Reg Vol 217)

Final Rule 1713 (84 Fed. Reg Vol 217) requires a face-to-face encounter and a Written Order Prior to Delivery (WOPD) for specified HCPCS codes. CMS and the DME MACs provide a list of the specified codes, which is periodically updated. The link will be located here once it is available.

Claims for the specified items subject to Final Rule 1713 (84 Fed. Reg Vol 217) that do not meet the face-to-face encounter and WOPD requirements specified in the LCD-related Standard Documentation Requirements Article (A55426) will be denied as not reasonable and necessary.

If a supplier delivers an item prior to receipt of a WOPD, it will be denied as not reasonable and necessary. If the WOPD is not obtained prior to delivery, payment will not be made for that item even if a WOPD is subsequently obtained by the supplier. If a similar item is subsequently provided by an unrelated supplier who has obtained a WOPD, it will be eligible for coverage.

POLICY SPECIFIC DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS

In addition to policy specific documentation requirements, there are general documentation requirements that are applicable to all DMEPOS policies. These general requirements are located in the DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS section of the LCD.

Refer to the LCD-related Standard Documentation Requirements article, located at the bottom of this Policy Article under the Related Local Coverage Documents section for additional information regarding GENERAL DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS and the POLICY SPECIFIC DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS discussed below.

MODIFIERS

When an upgrade is provided, the GA, GK, GL, and/or GZ modifiers must be used to indicate the upgrade.

KX, GA and GZ MODIFIERS

Suppliers must add a KX modifier to codes E0636, E1035 and E1036 only if all of the coverage criteria in the “Coverage Indications, Limitations and or Medical Necessity” section of the related LCD have been met and evidence of such is retained in the supplier’s files and available to the DME MAC upon request.

If all of the criteria in the Coverage Indications, Limitations and/or Medical Necessity section have not been met, the GA or GZ modifier must be added to the code. When there is an expectation of a medical necessity denial, suppliers must enter the GA modifier on the claim line if they have obtained a properly executed Advance Beneficiary Notice (ABN) or the GZ modifier if they have not obtained a valid ABN.

Claims lines billed with codes without a KX, GA or GZ modifier will be rejected as missing information.

CODING GUIDELINES

Heavy duty and bariatric lifts are included in the codes for patient lifts, E0630, E0635, E0636, E0639, E0640.

A patient lift for a toilet/tub, any type (E0625) describes a device with which the beneficiary can be transferred from the toilet/tub to another seat (e.g., wheelchair). It is used for a beneficiary who is unable to ambulate. Devices included in this code may be attached to the toilet, ceiling, floor, or wall of the bathroom or may be freestanding. Some items may be placed in a tub for lifting the beneficiary in and out of the tub but may not necessarily be attached to the toilet, ceiling, floor, or wall of the bathroom.

A multi-positional patient support system, with integrated lift, patient accessible controls (E0636) describes a device that can be used to transfer the bed-bound beneficiary in either a sitting or supine position. It has electric controls of the lift function.

Code E0639 describes a device in which the lift mechanism is part of a floor-to-ceiling pole system that is not permanently attached to the floor and ceiling and which is used in a room other than the bathroom. The lift/transport mechanisms may be mechanical or electric. No separate payment is made for installation. All costs associated with installation are included in the payment for the device. When a device is only used in a bathroom, it is coded E0625.

Code E0640 describes a device in which the lift mechanism is attached to permanent ceiling tracks or a wall mounting system and which is used in a room other than the bathroom. The lift/transport mechanisms may be mechanical or electric. No separate payment is made for installation. All costs associated with installation are included in the payment for the device. When a device is only used in a bathroom, it is coded E0625.

A multi-positional patient transfer system, with integrated seat, operated by caregiver (E1035, E1036) describes a device that can be positioned and adjusted such that the bed-bound beneficiary can be transferred onto the device in the supine position. Once positioned on the device, it can then be adjusted to a chair-like position with multiple degrees of recline and leg elevation. It has small, castor wheels that are not accessible by the beneficiary for mobility. It has no electric controls.

The only products that may be billed with codes E0636, E0639, E0640, E1035, or E1036 are those which have received a written Coding Verification Review from the Pricing, Data Analysis, and Coding (PDAC) contractor and that are listed in the Product Classification List on the PDAC web site.

A Column II code is included in the allowance for the corresponding Column I code when provided at the same time.

Column I

Column II

E0625

E0621

E0630

E0621

E0635

E0621

E0636

E0621

E0639

E0621

E0640

E0621


Suppliers s
hould contact the Pricing, Data Analysis, and Coding (PDAC) contractor for guidance on the correct coding of these items.

 

Coding Information

CPT/HCPCS Codes

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ICD-10-CM Codes that Support Medical Necessity

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ICD-10-CM Codes that DO NOT Support Medical Necessity

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Additional ICD-10 Information

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Bill Type Codes

Contractors may specify Bill Types to help providers identify those Bill Types typically used to report this service. Absence of a Bill Type does not guarantee that the article does not apply to that Bill Type. Complete absence of all Bill Types indicates that coverage is not influenced by Bill Type and the article should be assumed to apply equally to all claims.

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Revenue Codes

Contractors may specify Revenue Codes to help providers identify those Revenue Codes typically used to report this service. In most instances Revenue Codes are purely advisory. Unless specified in the article, services reported under other Revenue Codes are equally subject to this coverage determination. Complete absence of all Revenue Codes indicates that coverage is not influenced by Revenue Code and the article should be assumed to apply equally to all Revenue Codes.

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Revision History Information

Revision History DateRevision History NumberRevision History Explanation
01/01/2020 R5

Revision Effective Date: 01/01/2020
NON-MEDICAL NECESSITY COVERAGE AND PAYMENT RULES:
Removed: REQUIREMENTS FOR SPECIFIC DMEPOS ITEMS PURSUANT TO 42 CFR 410.38(g) section
REQUIREMENTS FOR SPECIFIC DMEPOS ITEMS PURSUANT TO FINAL RULE 1713 (84 Fed. Reg Vol 217):
Added: Section and related information based on Final Rule 1713
CODING GUIDELINES:
Revised: Format of HCPCS code references, from ‘code spans’ to individually-listed HCPCS
ICD-10 CODES THAT SUPPORT MEDICAL NECESSITY:
Revised: Section header “ICD-10 Codes that are Covered” updated to “ICD-10 Codes that Support Medical Necessity”
ICD-10 CODES THAT DO NOT SUPPORT MEDICAL NECESSITY:
Revised: Section header “ICD-10 Codes that are Not Covered” updated to “ICD-10 Codes that DO NOT Support Medical Necessity”

02/20/2020: At this time 21st Century Cures Act applies to new and revised LCDs which require comment and notice. This revision is to an article that is not a local coverage determination.

01/01/2017 R4

03/07/2019: At this time 21st Century Cures Act applies to new and revised LCDs which require comment and notice. This is an article and not a local coverage determination.

01/01/2017 R3 Revision Effective Date: 01/01/2017
NON-MEDICAL NECESSITY COVERAGE AND PAYMENT RULES:
Added: 42 CFR 410.38(g)
POLICY SPECIFIC DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS:
Added: Modifiers requirements
RELATED LOCAL COVERAGE DOCUMENTS:
Added: LCD-related Standard Documentation Requirements Language Article
07/01/2016 R2 Effective July 1, 2016 oversight for DME MAC Articles is the responsibility of CGS Administrators, LLC 18003 and 17013 and Noridian Healthcare Solutions, LLC 19003 and 16013. No other changes have been made to the Articles.
10/01/2015 R1 Revision Effective Date: 10/31/2014
NON-MEDICAL NECESSITY COVERAGE AND PAYMENT RULES:
Removed: “When required by state law” from ACA new prescription requirements
Revised: Face-to-Face Requirements for treating practitioner

Associated Documents

Related National Coverage Documents
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Statutory Requirements URLs
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Rules and Regulations URLs
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CMS Manual Explanations URLs
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Other URLs
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Public Versions
Updated On Effective Dates Status
02/14/2020 01/01/2020 - N/A Currently in Effect You are here
Some older versions have been archived. Please visit the MCD Archive Site to retrieve them.

Keywords

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