Local Coverage Article Billing and Coding

Billing and Coding: Hypoglossal Nerve Stimulation for Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea


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Contractor Information

Article Information

General Information

Article ID
Article Title
Billing and Coding: Hypoglossal Nerve Stimulation for Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Article Type
Billing and Coding
Original Effective Date
Revision Effective Date
Revision Ending Date
Retirement Date
AMA CPT / ADA CDT / AHA NUBC Copyright Statement

CPT codes, descriptions and other data only are copyright 2022 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/HHSARS apply.

Fee schedules, relative value units, conversion factors and/or related components are not assigned by the AMA, are not part of CPT, and the AMA is not recommending their use. The AMA does not directly or indirectly practice medicine or dispense medical services. The AMA assumes no liability for data contained or not contained herein.

Current Dental Terminology © 2022 American Dental Association. All rights reserved.

Copyright © 2023, the American Hospital Association, Chicago, Illinois. Reproduced with permission. No portion of the American Hospital Association (AHA) copyrighted materials contained within this publication may be copied without the express written consent of the AHA. AHA copyrighted materials including the UB‐04 codes and descriptions may not be removed, copied, or utilized within any software, product, service, solution or derivative work without the written consent of the AHA. If an entity wishes to utilize any AHA materials, please contact the AHA at 312‐893‐6816.

Making copies or utilizing the content of the UB‐04 Manual, including the codes and/or descriptions, for internal purposes, resale and/or to be used in any product or publication; creating any modified or derivative work of the UB‐04 Manual and/or codes and descriptions; and/or making any commercial use of UB‐04 Manual or any portion thereof, including the codes and/or descriptions, is only authorized with an express license from the American Hospital Association. The American Hospital Association (the "AHA") has not reviewed, and is not responsible for, the completeness or accuracy of any information contained in this material, nor was the AHA or any of its affiliates, involved in the preparation of this material, or the analysis of information provided in the material. The views and/or positions presented in the material do not necessarily represent the views of the AHA. CMS and its products and services are not endorsed by the AHA or any of its affiliates.

CMS National Coverage Policy


Article Guidance

Article Text

Refer to the Local Coverage Determination (LCD) L38307, Hypoglossal Nerve Stimulation for the Treatment of Obstructive Sleep Apnea, for reasonable and necessary requirements.

The Current Procedural Terminology (CPT)/Healthcare Common Procedure Coding System (HCPCS) code(s) may be subject to National Correct Coding Initiative (NCCI) edits. This information does not take precedence over NCCI edits. Please refer to NCCI for correct coding guidelines and specific applicable code combinations prior to billing Medicare.

Coding Guidelines

Implantation of a Hypoglossal Nerve Stimulator (HSN) for treatment of OSA utilizes 2 CPT codes:

Beginning 01/01/2022 use single code:

  • CPT 64582 Open implantation of hypoglossal nerve stimulator array, pulse generator, and distal respiratory sensor electrode or electrode array


Coding Information

  • Effective 1/1/22 CPT code 64568 is no longer used for hypoglossal nerve stimulator due to development of specific CPT codes for this technology 64582-64584

Documentation Requirements

  1. All documentation must be maintained in the patient's medical record and made available to the contractor upon request.
  2. Every page of the record must be legible and include appropriate patient identification information (e.g., complete name, dates of service[s]). The documentation must include the legible signature of the physician or non-physician practitioner responsible for and providing the care to the patient.
  3. The submitted medical record must support the use of the selected diagnosis code(s).

Informational Only:

Removal, revisions and replacements related to implantable devices are addressed in Medicare Benefit Policy Manual, Chapter 16, Section 180, “Services Related to and Required as a Result of Services Which Are Not Covered Under Medicare”

Effective 1/1/22 0466T, 0467T and 0468T are deleted codes. Services for revision, replacement or removal of hypoglossal nerve stimulator components should be billed with:

  • CPT 64583 Revision or replacement of hypoglossal nerve stimulator array and distal respiratory sensor electrode or electrode array, including connections to existing pulse generator
  • CPT 64584 removal of hypoglossal nerve rose stimulator array pulse generator, and distal respiratory sensor electrode or electrode array

Utilization Guidelines

In accordance with CMS Ruling 95-1 (V), utilization of these services should be consistent with locally acceptable standards of practice.

Coding Information


Group 1

(1 Code)
Group 1 Paragraph

Note: Providers are reminded to refer to the long descriptors of the CPT codes in their CPT book.

Group 1 Codes

CPT/HCPCS Modifiers


ICD-10-CM Codes that Support Medical Necessity

Group 1

(1 Code)
Group 1 Paragraph

It is the provider’s responsibility to select codes carried out to the highest level of specificity and selected from the ICD-10-CM code book appropriate to the year in which the service is rendered for the claim(s) submitted.

Note: Dual diagnosis requirement

Coverage for hypoglossal nerve stimulation procedures on patients who meet coverage criteria set forth in LCD L38307 must include both a primary ICD-10-CM diagnosis code indicating the reason for the procedure and a secondary ICD-10-CM diagnosis code indicating the Body Mass Index (BMI) is less than 35 kg/m2 as set forth in the LCD Covered Indications. Report a primary diagnosis code from Group1 Codes and a secondary diagnosis code from Group 2 below.

Medicare is establishing the following limited coverage for CPT codes: 64582

Group 1 Codes
G47.33 Obstructive sleep apnea (adult) (pediatric)

Group 2

(16 Codes)
Group 2 Paragraph

Secondary Diagnosis

Group 2 Codes
Z68.1 Body mass index [BMI] 19.9 or less, adult
Z68.20 Body mass index [BMI] 20.0-20.9, adult
Z68.21 Body mass index [BMI] 21.0-21.9, adult
Z68.22 Body mass index [BMI] 22.0-22.9, adult
Z68.23 Body mass index [BMI] 23.0-23.9, adult
Z68.24 Body mass index [BMI] 24.0-24.9, adult
Z68.25 Body mass index [BMI] 25.0-25.9, adult
Z68.26 Body mass index [BMI] 26.0-26.9, adult
Z68.27 Body mass index [BMI] 27.0-27.9, adult
Z68.28 Body mass index [BMI] 28.0-28.9, adult
Z68.29 Body mass index [BMI] 29.0-29.9, adult
Z68.30 Body mass index [BMI] 30.0-30.9, adult
Z68.31 Body mass index [BMI] 31.0-31.9, adult
Z68.32 Body mass index [BMI] 32.0-32.9, adult
Z68.33 Body mass index [BMI] 33.0-33.9, adult
Z68.34 Body mass index [BMI] 34.0-34.9, adult

ICD-10-CM Codes that DO NOT Support Medical Necessity

Group 1

Group 1 Paragraph

All those not listed under the “ICD-10 Codes that Support Medical Necessity” section of this policy.

Group 1 Codes


ICD-10-PCS Codes


Additional ICD-10 Information


Bill Type Codes

Contractors may specify Bill Types to help providers identify those Bill Types typically used to report this service. Absence of a Bill Type does not guarantee that the article does not apply to that Bill Type. Complete absence of all Bill Types indicates that coverage is not influenced by Bill Type and the article should be assumed to apply equally to all claims.

013x Hospital Outpatient
083x Ambulatory Surgery Center

Revenue Codes

Contractors may specify Revenue Codes to help providers identify those Revenue Codes typically used to report this service. In most instances Revenue Codes are purely advisory. Unless specified in the article, services reported under other Revenue Codes are equally subject to this coverage determination. Complete absence of all Revenue Codes indicates that coverage is not influenced by Revenue Code and the article should be assumed to apply equally to all Revenue Codes.

Note: The contractor has identified the Bill Type and Revenue Codes applicable for use with the CPT/HCPCS codes included in this article. Providers are reminded that not all CPT/HCPCS codes listed can be billed with all Bill Type and/or Revenue Codes listed. CPT/HCPCS codes are required to be billed with specific Bill Type and Revenue Codes. Providers are encouraged to refer to the CMS Internet-Only Manual (IOM) Publication. 100-04, Medicare Claims Processing Manual, for further guidance.

0360 Operating Room Services - General Classification

Other Coding Information


Revision History Information

Revision History DateRevision History NumberRevision History Explanation
03/02/2023 R7

Revision Effective: 03/02/2023

Revision Explanation: Annual Review, no changes were made.

03/03/2022 R6

Revision Effective: 03/03/2022

Revision Explanation: Annual Review, no changes were made.

01/01/2022 R5

Revision Effective: 01/01/2022

Revision Explanation: In article text changed code range  64582-64585 to 64582-64584 under Coding information and removed 64585 under Informational Only section. CPT code 64585 is not related to hypoglossal nerve stimulation and was included in error.

01/01/2022 R4

Revision Effective: 01/01/2022

Revision Explanation: Updated article and removed codes for revision and removal  from the CPT group 1 list as they are not part of the policy. Removed new codes 64583-64585 from group 1 paragraph for ICD-10 codes. Article test was updated to reflect new codes for 2022. 

03/25/2021 R3

Revision Effective Date: 01/01/2022

Revision Explanation: Annual CPT/HCPS update. Deleted codes:  0466T,  0467T,  0468T and replaced with codes:  64582, 64583, 64584.

03/25/2021 R2

Revision Effective Date: 03/25/2021

Revision Explanation: Annual review, no changes were made.

03/04/2021 R1

Revision Effective Date: 03/04/2021

Revision Explanation: Annual review, no changes were made.


Associated Documents

Related National Coverage Documents
Statutory Requirements URLs
Rules and Regulations URLs
CMS Manual Explanations URLs
Other URLs
Public Versions
Updated On Effective Dates Status
02/24/2023 03/02/2023 - N/A Currently in Effect You are here
02/23/2022 03/03/2022 - 03/01/2023 Superseded View
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