SUPERSEDED LCD Reference Article Billing and Coding Article

Billing and Coding: Cardiac Computed Tomography (CCT) and Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography (CCTA)

A56451

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Draft Articles are works in progress and not necessarily a reflection of the current billing and coding practices. Revisions to codes are carefully and thoroughly reviewed and are not intended to change the original intent of the LCD.
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General Information

Source Article ID
N/A
Article ID
A56451
Original ICD-9 Article ID
Not Applicable
Article Title
Billing and Coding: Cardiac Computed Tomography (CCT) and Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography (CCTA)
Article Type
Billing and Coding
Original Effective Date
10/01/2016
Revision Effective Date
10/05/2023
Revision Ending Date
11/15/2023
Retirement Date
N/A
AMA CPT / ADA CDT / AHA NUBC Copyright Statement

CPT codes, descriptions and other data only are copyright 2023 American Medical Association. All Rights Reserved. Applicable FARS/HHSARS apply.

Fee schedules, relative value units, conversion factors and/or related components are not assigned by the AMA, are not part of CPT, and the AMA is not recommending their use. The AMA does not directly or indirectly practice medicine or dispense medical services. The AMA assumes no liability for data contained or not contained herein.

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CMS National Coverage Policy

N/A

Article Guidance

Article Text

This article gives guidance for billing, coding, and other guidelines in relation to local coverage policy L33947 Cardiac Computed Tomography (CCT) and Coronary Computed Tomography Angiography (CCTA).

 

General Guidelines for Claims submitted to Part A or Part B MAC:

Procedure codes may be subject to National Correct Coding Initiative (NCCI) edits or OPPS packaging edits. Refer to NCCI and OPPS requirements prior to billing Medicare. For services requiring a referring/ordering physician, the name and NPI of the referring/ordering physician must be reported on the claim. A claim submitted without a valid ICD-10-CM diagnosis code will be returned to the provider as an incomplete claim under Section 1833(e) of the Social Security Act. The diagnosis code(s) must best describe the patient's condition for which the service was performed. For diagnostic tests, report the result of the test if known; otherwise the symptoms prompting the performance of the test should be reported.

 

Advance Beneficiary Notice of Non-coverage (ABN) Modifier Guidelines

An ABN may be used for services which are likely to be non-covered, whether for medical necessity or for other reasons. Refer to CMS Publication 100-04, Medicare Claims Processing Manual, Chapter 30, for complete instructions.

Effective from April 1, 2010, non-covered services should be billed with modifier –GA, -GX, -GY, or –GZ, as appropriate.

The –GA modifier (“Waiver of Liability Statement Issued as Required by Payer Policy”) should be used when physicians, practitioners, or suppliers want to indicate that they anticipate that Medicare will deny a specific service as not reasonable and necessary and they do have an ABN signed by the beneficiary on file. Modifier GA applies only when services will be denied under reasonable and necessary provisions, sections 1862(a)(1), 1862(a)(9), 1879(e), or 1879(g) of the Social Security Act. Effective April 1, 2010, Part A MAC systems will automatically deny services billed with modifier GA. An ABN, Form CMS-R-131, should be signed by the beneficiary to indicate that ‎he/she accepts responsibility for payment.‎ The -GA modifier may also be used on assigned claims when a patient refuses to sign the ABN and the latter is properly witnessed. For claims submitted to the Part A MAC, occurrence code 32 and the date of the ABN is required.

 

Modifier GX (“Notice of Liability Issued, Voluntary Under Payer Policy”) should be used when the beneficiary has signed an ABN, and a denial is anticipated based on provisions other than medical necessity, such as statutory exclusions of coverage or technical issues. An ABN is not required for these denials, but if non-covered services are reported with modifier GX, will automatically be denied services.

 

The –GZ modifier should be used when physicians, practitioners, or suppliers want to indicate that they expect that Medicare will deny an item or service as not reasonable and necessary and they have not had an ABN signed by the beneficiary. ‎If the service is statutorily non-covered, or without a benefit category, submit the ‎appropriate CPT/HCPCS code with the -GY modifier. An ABN is not required for these denials, and the limitation of liability does not apply for beneficiaries. Services with modifier GY will automatically deny.

Documentation Requirements

The patient’s medical record should include but is not limited to:

  • The assessment of the patient by the ordering provider as it relates to the complaint of the patient for that visit,
  • Relevant medical history
  • Results of pertinent tests/procedures
  • Signed and dated office visit record/operative report (Please note that all services ordered or rendered to Medicare beneficiaries must be signed.)

The patient's medical record must contain documentation that fully supports the medical necessity for services included within this LCD. (See "Indications and Limitations of Coverage.") This documentation includes, but is not limited to, relevant medical history, physical examination, and results of pertinent diagnostic tests or procedures.

Each claim must be submitted with ICD-10-CM codes that reflect the condition of the patient, and indicate the reason(s) for which the service was performed. Claims submitted without ICD-10-CM codes will
be returned.

The documentation of the study requires a formal written report, with clear identifying demographics, the name of the interpreting provider, the reason for the tests, an interpretive report and copies of images. The computerized image reconstruction data should also be maintained.

Documentation must be available to Medicare upon request.

Other Comments:

      For claims submitted to the Part A MAC: this coverage determination also applies within states outside the primary geographic jurisdiction with facilities that have nominated CGS to process their claims.



      Bill type codes only apply to providers who bill these services to the Part A MAC. Bill type codes do not apply to physicians, other professionals and suppliers who bill these services to the carrier or Part B MAC.



      Limitation of liability and refund requirements apply when denials are likely, whether based on medical necessity or other coverage reasons. The provider/supplier must notify the beneficiary in writing, prior to rendering the service, if the provider/supplier is aware that the test, item or procedure may not be covered by Medicare. The limitation of liability and refund requirements do not apply when the test, item or procedure is statutorily excluded, has no Medicare benefit category or is rendered for screening purposes.



    For dates of service on or after April 1, 2010, bill type 77X should be used to report FQHC services.

 

Response To Comments

Number Comment Response
1
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Coding Information

Bill Type Codes

Code Description
0x TBD
N/A

Revenue Codes

Code Description
0321 Radiology - Diagnostic - Angiocardiography
0359 CT Scan - CT - Other
N/A

CPT/HCPCS Codes

Group 1

(4 Codes)
Group 1 Paragraph

CPT CODES 0144T-0151T ARE DELETED EFFECTIVE 12/31/2009 AND REPLACED BY CPT CODES 75571-75574 (BELOW)

CPT code 0144T is not a covered service (for dates of service prior to 01/01/2010.)

For dates of service on or after 01/01/2010, CPT code 75571 is not a covered service.

Group 1 Codes
Code Description
75571 COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY, HEART, WITHOUT CONTRAST MATERIAL, WITH QUANTITATIVE EVALUATION OF CORONARY CALCIUM
75572 COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY, HEART, WITH CONTRAST MATERIAL, FOR EVALUATION OF CARDIAC STRUCTURE AND MORPHOLOGY (INCLUDING 3D IMAGE POSTPROCESSING, ASSESSMENT OF CARDIAC FUNCTION, AND EVALUATION OF VENOUS STRUCTURES, IF PERFORMED)
75573 COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY, HEART, WITH CONTRAST MATERIAL, FOR EVALUATION OF CARDIAC STRUCTURE AND MORPHOLOGY IN THE SETTING OF CONGENITAL HEART DISEASE (INCLUDING 3D IMAGE POSTPROCESSING, ASSESSMENT OF LEFT VENTRICULAR [LV] CARDIAC FUNCTION, RIGHT VENTRICULAR [RV] STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION AND EVALUATION OF VASCULAR STRUCTURES, IF PERFORMED)
75574 COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHIC ANGIOGRAPHY, HEART, CORONARY ARTERIES AND BYPASS GRAFTS (WHEN PRESENT), WITH CONTRAST MATERIAL, INCLUDING 3D IMAGE POSTPROCESSING (INCLUDING EVALUATION OF CARDIAC STRUCTURE AND MORPHOLOGY, ASSESSMENT OF CARDIAC FUNCTION, AND EVALUATION OF VENOUS STRUCTURES, IF PERFORMED)
N/A

CPT/HCPCS Modifiers

Group 1

Group 1 Paragraph

N/A

Group 1 Codes

N/A

N/A

ICD-10-CM Codes that Support Medical Necessity

Group 1

(170 Codes)
Group 1 Paragraph

It is the responsibility of the provider to code to the highest level specified in the ICD-10-CM. The correct use of an ICD-10-CM code listed below does not assure coverage of a service. The service must be reasonable and necessary in the specific case and must meet the criteria specified in this determination.

 

Group 1 Codes
Code Description
C38.0 Malignant neoplasm of heart
C45.2 Mesothelioma of pericardium
C79.89 Secondary malignant neoplasm of other specified sites
C79.9 Secondary malignant neoplasm of unspecified site
D15.1 Benign neoplasm of heart
I20.0 Unstable angina
I20.81 Angina pectoris with coronary microvascular dysfunction
I20.89 Other forms of angina pectoris
I20.9 Angina pectoris, unspecified
I24.0 Acute coronary thrombosis not resulting in myocardial infarction
I25.10 Atherosclerotic heart disease of native coronary artery without angina pectoris
I25.110 Atherosclerotic heart disease of native coronary artery with unstable angina pectoris
I25.112 Atherosclerotic heart disease of native coronary artery with refractory angina pectoris
I25.118 Atherosclerotic heart disease of native coronary artery with other forms of angina pectoris
I25.119 Atherosclerotic heart disease of native coronary artery with unspecified angina pectoris
I25.2 Old myocardial infarction
I25.3 Aneurysm of heart
I25.41 Coronary artery aneurysm
I25.42 Coronary artery dissection
I25.5 Ischemic cardiomyopathy
I25.6 Silent myocardial ischemia
I25.700 Atherosclerosis of coronary artery bypass graft(s), unspecified, with unstable angina pectoris
I25.702 Atherosclerosis of coronary artery bypass graft(s), unspecified, with refractory angina pectoris
I25.708 - I25.710 Atherosclerosis of coronary artery bypass graft(s), unspecified, with other forms of angina pectoris - Atherosclerosis of autologous vein coronary artery bypass graft(s) with unstable angina pectoris
I25.712 Atherosclerosis of autologous vein coronary artery bypass graft(s) with refractory angina pectoris
I25.718 - I25.720 Atherosclerosis of autologous vein coronary artery bypass graft(s) with other forms of angina pectoris - Atherosclerosis of autologous artery coronary artery bypass graft(s) with unstable angina pectoris
I25.722 Atherosclerosis of autologous artery coronary artery bypass graft(s) with refractory angina pectoris
I25.728 - I25.730 Atherosclerosis of autologous artery coronary artery bypass graft(s) with other forms of angina pectoris - Atherosclerosis of nonautologous biological coronary artery bypass graft(s) with unstable angina pectoris
I25.732 Atherosclerosis of nonautologous biological coronary artery bypass graft(s) with refractory angina pectoris
I25.738 Atherosclerosis of nonautologous biological coronary artery bypass graft(s) with other forms of angina pectoris
I25.739 Atherosclerosis of nonautologous biological coronary artery bypass graft(s) with unspecified angina pectoris
I25.750 Atherosclerosis of native coronary artery of transplanted heart with unstable angina
I25.752 Atherosclerosis of native coronary artery of transplanted heart with refractory angina pectoris
I25.758 - I25.760 Atherosclerosis of native coronary artery of transplanted heart with other forms of angina pectoris - Atherosclerosis of bypass graft of coronary artery of transplanted heart with unstable angina
I25.762 Atherosclerosis of bypass graft of coronary artery of transplanted heart with refractory angina pectoris
I25.768 Atherosclerosis of bypass graft of coronary artery of transplanted heart with other forms of angina pectoris
I25.769 Atherosclerosis of bypass graft of coronary artery of transplanted heart with unspecified angina pectoris
I25.790 Atherosclerosis of other coronary artery bypass graft(s) with unstable angina pectoris
I25.792 Atherosclerosis of other coronary artery bypass graft(s) with refractory angina pectoris
I25.798 Atherosclerosis of other coronary artery bypass graft(s) with other forms of angina pectoris
I25.799 Atherosclerosis of other coronary artery bypass graft(s) with unspecified angina pectoris
I25.810 - I25.812 Atherosclerosis of coronary artery bypass graft(s) without angina pectoris - Atherosclerosis of bypass graft of coronary artery of transplanted heart without angina pectoris
I25.84 Coronary atherosclerosis due to calcified coronary lesion
I25.89 Other forms of chronic ischemic heart disease
I25.9 Chronic ischemic heart disease, unspecified
I27.0 Primary pulmonary hypertension
I31.0 - I31.4 Chronic adhesive pericarditis - Cardiac tamponade
I31.8 Other specified diseases of pericardium
I34.0 - I34.2 Nonrheumatic mitral (valve) insufficiency - Nonrheumatic mitral (valve) stenosis
I34.81 Nonrheumatic mitral (valve) annulus calcification
I34.89 Other nonrheumatic mitral valve disorders
I34.9 Nonrheumatic mitral valve disorder, unspecified
I35.0 - I35.2 Nonrheumatic aortic (valve) stenosis - Nonrheumatic aortic (valve) stenosis with insufficiency
I35.8 Other nonrheumatic aortic valve disorders
I35.9 Nonrheumatic aortic valve disorder, unspecified
I49.01 Ventricular fibrillation
I49.02 Ventricular flutter
I71.010 Dissection of ascending aorta
I71.011 Dissection of aortic arch
I71.012 Dissection of descending thoracic aorta
I71.019 Dissection of thoracic aorta, unspecified
I71.10 Thoracic aortic aneurysm, ruptured, unspecified
I71.11 Aneurysm of the ascending aorta, ruptured
I71.12 Aneurysm of the aortic arch, ruptured
I71.13 Aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta, ruptured
I71.20 Thoracic aortic aneurysm, without rupture, unspecified
I71.21 Aneurysm of the ascending aorta, without rupture
I71.22 Aneurysm of the aortic arch, without rupture
I71.23 Aneurysm of the descending thoracic aorta, without rupture
Q20.1 - Q20.6 Double outlet right ventricle - Isomerism of atrial appendages
Q20.8 Other congenital malformations of cardiac chambers and connections
Q20.9 Congenital malformation of cardiac chambers and connections, unspecified
Q21.0 Ventricular septal defect
Q21.11 - Q21.15 Secundum atrial septal defect - Inferior sinus venosus atrial septal defect
Q21.19 Other specified atrial septal defect
Q21.21 - Q21.23 Partial atrioventricular septal defect - Complete atrioventricular septal defect
Q21.3 Tetralogy of Fallot
Q21.4 Aortopulmonary septal defect
Q21.8 Other congenital malformations of cardiac septa
Q21.9 Congenital malformation of cardiac septum, unspecified
Q22.0 - Q22.6 Pulmonary valve atresia - Hypoplastic right heart syndrome
Q22.8 Other congenital malformations of tricuspid valve
Q22.9 Congenital malformation of tricuspid valve, unspecified
Q23.0 - Q23.4 Congenital stenosis of aortic valve - Hypoplastic left heart syndrome
Q23.8 Other congenital malformations of aortic and mitral valves
Q23.9 Congenital malformation of aortic and mitral valves, unspecified
Q24.0 - Q24.5 Dextrocardia - Malformation of coronary vessels
Q24.8 Other specified congenital malformations of heart
Q24.9 Congenital malformation of heart, unspecified
Q25.0 Patent ductus arteriosus
Q25.1 Coarctation of aorta
Q25.21 Interruption of aortic arch
Q25.29 Other atresia of aorta
Q25.3 Supravalvular aortic stenosis
Q25.41 Absence and aplasia of aorta
Q25.42 Hypoplasia of aorta
Q25.43 Congenital aneurysm of aorta
Q25.44 Congenital dilation of aorta
Q25.45 Double aortic arch
Q25.46 Tortuous aortic arch
Q25.47 Right aortic arch
Q25.48 Anomalous origin of subclavian artery
Q25.49 Other congenital malformations of aorta
Q25.5 Atresia of pulmonary artery
Q25.6 Stenosis of pulmonary artery
Q25.71 Coarctation of pulmonary artery
Q25.72 Congenital pulmonary arteriovenous malformation
Q25.79 Other congenital malformations of pulmonary artery
Q25.8 Other congenital malformations of other great arteries
Q25.9 Congenital malformation of great arteries, unspecified
Q26.0 - Q26.4 Congenital stenosis of vena cava - Anomalous pulmonary venous connection, unspecified
Q26.8 Other congenital malformations of great veins
Q26.9 Congenital malformation of great vein, unspecified
R07.2 Precordial pain
R07.82 Intercostal pain
R07.89 Other chest pain
R07.9 Chest pain, unspecified
R94.30 Abnormal result of cardiovascular function study, unspecified
R94.39 Abnormal result of other cardiovascular function study
Z45.010 Encounter for checking and testing of cardiac pacemaker pulse generator [battery]
Z45.018 Encounter for adjustment and management of other part of cardiac pacemaker

Group 2

(9 Codes)
Group 2 Paragraph

Coverage for these diagnoses is limited to patients in whom ablation for these dysrhythmias has already been planned and scheduled:

 

Group 2 Codes
Code Description
I48.0 - I48.4 Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation - Atypical atrial flutter
I48.91 Unspecified atrial fibrillation
I48.92 Unspecified atrial flutter
N/A

ICD-10-CM Codes that DO NOT Support Medical Necessity

Group 1

Group 1 Paragraph

N/A

Group 1 Codes

N/A

N/A

ICD-10-PCS Codes

Group 1

Group 1 Paragraph

N/A

Group 1 Codes

N/A

N/A

Additional ICD-10 Information

N/A

Bill Type Codes

Contractors may specify Bill Types to help providers identify those Bill Types typically used to report this service. Absence of a Bill Type does not guarantee that the article does not apply to that Bill Type. Complete absence of all Bill Types indicates that coverage is not influenced by Bill Type and the article should be assumed to apply equally to all claims.

Code Description
0x TBD
N/A

Revenue Codes

Contractors may specify Revenue Codes to help providers identify those Revenue Codes typically used to report this service. In most instances Revenue Codes are purely advisory. Unless specified in the article, services reported under other Revenue Codes are equally subject to this coverage determination. Complete absence of all Revenue Codes indicates that coverage is not influenced by Revenue Code and the article should be assumed to apply equally to all Revenue Codes.

Revenue codes only apply to providers who bill these services to the Part A MAC. Revenue codes do not apply to physicians, other professionals and suppliers who bill these services to the carrier or Part B MAC.

Please note that not all revenue codes apply to every type of bill code. Providers are encouraged to refer to the FISS revenue code file for allowable bill types. Similarly, not all revenue codes apply to each CPT/HCPCS code. Providers are encouraged to refer to the FISS HCPCS file for allowable revenue codes.

All revenue codes billed on the inpatient claim for the dates of service in question may be subject to review.


Code Description
0321 Radiology - Diagnostic - Angiocardiography
0359 CT Scan - CT - Other
N/A

Other Coding Information

Group 1

Group 1 Paragraph

N/A

Group 1 Codes

N/A

N/A

Coding Table Information

Excluded CPT/HCPCS Codes - Table Format
Code Descriptor Generic Name Descriptor Brand Name Exclusion Effective Date Exclusion End Date Reason for Exclusion
N/A N/A
N/A
Non-Excluded CPT/HCPCS Ended Codes - Table Format
Code Descriptor Generic Name Descriptor Brand Name Exclusion Effective Date Exclusion End Date Reason for Exclusion
N/A

Revision History Information

Revision History Date Revision History Number Revision History Explanation
10/05/2023 R11

Revision Effective: 10/05/2023

Revision Explanation: Annual review, no changes.

10/01/2023 R10

Revision Effective: 10/01/2023 

Revision Explanation: Annual ICD-10 update. I20.8 was removed, and I120.81/I20.89 were added. 

10/01/2022 R9

Revision Effective: 10/01/2022

Revision Explanation: ICD-10 codes I71.010-I71.012 and I71.019 were left out of group 1 ICD-10 codes that support medical necessity in error from revision 7 when they show they were added. Code Q21.3 and Q21.4 were removed in error during the ICD-10 annual update from group 1 and have been added back.

10/01/2022 R8

Revision Effective: 10/06/2022

Revision Explanation: Annual review, no changes 

10/01/2022 R7

Revision Effective: 10/01/2022

Revision Explanation: Annual ICD-10 update, I34.8 replaced by I34.81 and I34.89. I71.01 I71.1 and I71.2 were deleted from Group 1. Replaced with I710.10
I710.11, I710.12, I71019, I71.10, I71.11, I71.12, I71.13, I71.20, I71.21, I71.22, and I71.23. 

Annual ICD-10 Update ranges, added I31.31 in I31.0 - I31.4, I31.39 in I31.0 - I31.4
Q21.11, Q21.12, Q21.13, Q21.14, Q21.15, Q21.19, Q21.21, Q21.22 and Q21.23.

 

10/01/2022 R6

Revision Effective: 10/01/2022

Revision Explanation: Annual ICD-10 Update, added the following codes: I25.112, I25.702, I25.712, I25.722, I25.732, I25.752, I25.762 and I25.792

09/30/2021 R5

Revision Effective: N/A

Revision Explanation: Annual review, no changes

11/07/2019 R4

Revision Effective: N/A

Revision Explanation: Annual review, no changes

11/07/2019 R3

Revision Effective: 11/07/2019

Revision Explanation:Updated article text with other comments from Coverage Indications, Limitations and/or Medical Necessity and Associated Information based on TDL 190550. Added details from LCD L33947.

10/01/2019 R2

R1

Revision Effective: 10/01/2019

Revision Explanation: During the annual ICD-10 review codes I48.1 and I48.2 were end dated and replaced with codes I48.11, I48.19, I48.20, and I48.21 in group2

09/19/2019 R1

R1

Revision Effective: 09/19/2019

Revision Explanation: Converted article into new Billing and Coding template no other changes made.

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Associated Documents

Medicare BPM Ch 15.50.2 SAD Determinations
Medicare BPM Ch 15.50.2
Related National Coverage Documents
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Statutory Requirements URLs
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Updated On Effective Dates Status
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