Local Coverage Determination (LCD)

Allergy Testing

L36402

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Contractor Information

LCD Information

Document Information

LCD ID
L36402
LCD Title
Allergy Testing
Proposed LCD in Comment Period
N/A
Source Proposed LCD
DL36402
Original Effective Date
For services performed on or after 03/18/2016
Revision Effective Date
For services performed on or after 11/26/2020
Revision Ending Date
N/A
Retirement Date
N/A
Notice Period Start Date
02/01/2016
Notice Period End Date
03/17/2016
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Fee schedules, relative value units, conversion factors and/or related components are not assigned by the AMA, are not part of CPT, and the AMA is not recommending their use. The AMA does not directly or indirectly practice medicine or dispense medical services. The AMA assumes no liability for data contained or not contained herein.

Current Dental Terminology © 2021 American Dental Association. All rights reserved.

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CMS National Coverage Policy

Title XVIII of the Social Security Act, Section 1833 (e) prohibits Medicare payment for any claim which lacks the necessary information to process the claim.

Title XVIII of the Social Security Act, Section 1862 (a) (1) (A) allows coverage and payment of those items or services that are considered to be medically reasonable and necessary for the diagnosis or treatment of illness or injury or to improve the functioning of a malformed body member.

Title XVIII of the Social Security Act, Section 1862 (a) (1) (D) excludes investigational or experimental from Medicare coverage.

Title XVIII of the Social Security Act, Section 1862 (a)(7). This section excludes routine physical examinations.

42 CFR, Section 410.20 – Physicians’ Services.

42 CFR Section, 410.32 tests not ordered by the physician or other qualified non-physician provider who is treating the patient are not reasonable and necessary. (See 42 CFR 411.15(k)(1).

42 CFR, Section 410.32(b) diagnostic tests must be furnished under the appropriate level of supervision by a physician. Services furnished without the required level of supervision are not reasonable and necessary.

CMS Pub 100-02 Medicare Benefit Policy Manual, Chapter 15 – Covered Medical and Other Health Services, Sections
20.2 – Physician Expense for Allergy Treatment,
80.1 – Clinical Laboratory Services, and
80.6 – Requirements for Ordering and Following Orders for Diagnostic Tests.

CMS Pub 100-03 Medicare National Coverage Determinations (NCD) Manual, Chapter 1 – Coverage Determinations, Part 2, Sections
110.9 – Antigens Prepared for Sublingual Administration
110.11 – Food Allergy Testing and Treatment
110.12 – Challenge Ingestion Food Testing
110.13 – Cytotoxic Food Tests.

CMS Pub 100-03 Medicare National Coverage Determinations (NCD) Manual, Chapter 1 – Coverage Determinations, Part 4, Section 230.10 – Incontinence Control Devices.

CMS Pub 100-04 Medicare Claims Processing Manual, Chapter 12 – Physicians/Nonphysician Practitioners, Section
200 - Allergy Testing and Immunotherapy.
Chapter 16 – Laboratory Services, Section
40.7 – Billing for Noncovered Clinical Laboratory Tests.

Coverage Guidance

Coverage Indications, Limitations, and/or Medical Necessity

Overview:
Allergy testing is performed to determine a patient's immunologic sensitivity or reaction to particular allergens for the purpose of identifying the cause of the allergic state.  It is based on findings during a complete medical and immunologic history, and appropriate physical exam obtained by face-to-face contact with the patient.

Indications:
Allergy skin testing is a clinical procedure that is used to evaluate an immunologic response to allergenic material.  It would not be expected that all patients would receive the same tests or the same number of sensitivity tests. The number and type of antigens used for testing must be chosen judiciously given the patient’s presentation, history, physical findings, and clinical judgment.

To be covered by Medicare, the antigens must meet all of the following criteria:

1. Skin testing must be performed based on a complete history and physical exam,
2. Proven efficacy as demonstrated through scientifically valid peer reviewed published medical studies, and
3. Exist in the patient’s environment with a reasonable probability of exposure

Allergy testing can be broadly subdivided into two methodologies:

A. In vivo testing (skin tests): this testing correlates the performance and evaluation of selective cutaneous and mucous membrane tests with the patient’s history, physician examination, and other observations.

1. Percutaneous Testing (scratch, puncture, prick) and is used to evaluate immunoglobulin E (IgE) mediated hypersensitivity.  Percutaneous tests require medical supervision, since there is a small but significant risk of anaphylaxis. Overall, skin testing is quick, safe, and cost-effective.  It remains the test of choice in most clinical situations where immediate hypersensitivity reactions are suspected.

Percutaneous testing is the usual preferred method for allergy testing. Medicare covers percutaneous (scratch, prick or puncture) testing when IgE-mediated reactions occur with any of the following:

a. Inhalants.
b. Foods. (Patients present with signs and symptoms such as urticarial, angioedema, esosinophilic esophagitis, or anaphylaxis after ingestion of specific foods. Testing for food allergies in patients who present with wheezing is occasionally required.)  
c. Hymenoptera (stinging insects).
d. Specific drugs (penicillins, macromolecular agents, enzymes, and egg-containing vaccines).  Skin testing is unreliable with other drugs.

2. Intracutaneous/Intradermal Tests are usually performed when increased sensitivity is the main goal such as when percutaneous tests are negative and there is a strong suspicion of allergen sensitivity.  Intradermal tests are injections of small amounts of antigen into the superficial layers of the skin. The usual testing program may include 2 concentrations of an extract: a weaker concentration and a stronger concentration. It would not be expected that 3 or more concentrations of one extract would be medically necessary. Medicare covers intradermal (intracutaneous) testing when IgE-mediated reactions occur to any of the following:

a. Inhalants.
b. Hymenoptera (stinging insects).
c. Specific drugs (penicillin's and macromolecular agents).
d. Vaccines.

3. Patch Testing is the gold standard method of identifying the cause of allergic contact dermatitis.  This testing is indicated to evaluate a nonspecific dermatitis, pruritus, to differentiate allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) and irritant contact dermatitis (ICD) and determine the causative antigen. It is a diagnostic test reserved for patients with skin eruptions for which a contact allergy source is likely.

The patch test procedure can induce an eczematous reaction in miniature by applying suspect allergens to normal skin, allowing the physician to determine a specific patient allergy. Patch tests are applied to the skin on the patient’s back and left in place for 48 hours. The test is interpreted after 48 hours, and typically once again at 72 or 96 hours, and the reactions are systematically scored and recorded. The patient is then informed and educated regarding specific allergies and avoidance of exposure. Avoidance of the identified allergen(s) is critical to patient improvement and resolution of the dermatitis.

Allergy patch testing is a covered procedure only when used to diagnose allergic contact dermatitis after the following exposures:  dermatitis due to detergents, oils and greases, solvents, drugs and medicines in contact with skin, other chemical products, food in contact with skin, plants (except food), cosmetics, metals, rubber additives, other and unspecified.  Patch tests may also be used and may be helpful when a distribution and persistence of dermatitis suggests a possible contact allergy, but the exact etiology of the dermatitis is unknown.

The clinician should recognize that contact sensitization to metals or bone cement that is used in orthopedic, cardiac, dental, and gynecological implants has been associated with both dermatitis and noncutaneous complications. These complications may include
localized pain, swelling, erythema, warmth, implant loosening, decreased range of motion, stent stenosis, and pericardial effusions in the case of cardiac implants. Patch testing to implant or device components has been recommended to help determine the etiology of the adverse reaction.

4. Photo Patch Testing uses two patches, with one of them being irradiated with ultraviolet light half way through the occlusive period. It is indicated to evaluate unique allergies resulting from light exposure.  Some chemicals or medications produce an allergic reaction only when exposed to light (usually ultraviolet type A, UVA).  Patients who are over-sensitive to light and those with a rash that appears on parts of the body normally exposed to light but that does not appear in areas shielded from the light should have a photo-patch test. 

5. Photo Tests is skin irradiation with a specific range of ultraviolet light. Photo tests are performed for the evaluation of photosensitivity disorders.

6. Skin Endpoint Titration (SET) Testing or Intradermal Dilutional Testing (IDT) analyzes the highest dilution of a substance that produces a reaction, and may be used to determine the starting dose(s) of allergen immunotherapy.

7. Delayed Hypersensitivity Skin Testing has been commonly used in three ways: anergy testing, testing for infection with intracellular pathogens, and testing for sensitivity to contact allergens. Accurate testing for contact allergy requires careful attention to technique, and limitation of testing to the specific allergens known to be associated with a contact reaction.

8. Ophthalmic Mucous Membrane Tests and Direct Nasal Mucous Membrane Tests are rarely indicated. They are allowed when skin testing cannot test allergens.

Ophthalmic mucous membrane tests and direct nasal mucous membrane tests are approved if levels of allergic mediators (such as histamine and tryptase) are measured and a placebo control is performed. This is usually performed in allergy research laboratories. It is also approved in the office setting if the physician is there to observe objective measurement of reactions which might include redness of the eyes, tearing and sneezing.

9. Inhalation Bronchial Challenge Testing involves the inhalation of agents that can trigger respiratory responses and are often used to evaluate new allergens and/or substantiate the role of allergens in patients with significant symptoms. Results of these tests are ordinarily evaluated by objective measures of pulmonary function and occasionally by characterization of bronchoalveolar lavage samples.

a. Inhalation bronchial challenge tests should be performed as dose-response assays where in provocation concentration thresholds can be determined on the basis of allergen concentration required to cause a significant decrease in measured pulmonary function.
b. Inhalation bronchial challenge tests with occupational allergens need to be carefully controlled with respect to dose and duration of exposure. When industrial small molecular weight agents are assessed, tests should be performed under conditions of continuous monitoring of the specific chemical being assessed so as not to exceed the threshold limit level permitted in the workplace.

10. Ingestion (Oral) Challenge Test involves the administration of sequentially or incrementally larger doses of the test item. The test items may include food or antibiotics. The service is allowed once per patient encounter, regardless of the number of items tested, and includes evaluation of the patient's response to the test items. 

Challenge ingestion food testing is covered for the following indications:

• Food allergy, dermatitis
• Anaphylactic shock due to adverse food reaction
• Allergy to medicinal agents
• Allergy to foods

Challenge Ingestion is not payable when used to diagnosis rheumatoid arthritis, depression, or respiratory disorders. (CMS Pub. 100-03 Medicare National Coverage Determination (NCD)Manual, Chapter 1- Coverage Determinations, Part 2 Section 110.12- Challenge Ingestion Food Testing).

11. Intracutaneous testing, delayed reaction - more than 6 tests, may be covered but requires additional justification and case-by-case review for the number of tests performed and the medical necessity except when the skin test is used: 

For collagen implant therapy. Refer to: CMS Pub 100-03 Medicare National Coverage Determinations (NCD) Manual, Chapter 1 – Coverage Determinations, Part 4, Section 230.10 – Incontinence Control Devices.

12. Organ challenge test materials may be applied to the mucosae of the conjunctivae, nares, GI tract, or bronchi. Considerable experience with these methods is required for proper interpretation and analysis. All organ challenge tests should be preceded by a control test with diluent and, if possible, the procedure should be performed on a double blind or at least single-blind basis.

B. In vitro testing (blood serum analysis):  immediate hypersensitivity testing by measurement of allergen-specific serum IgE in the blood serum.  They are useful when testing for inhalant allergens (pollens, molds, dust mites, animal danders), foods, insect stings, and other allergens such as drugs or latex, when direct skin testing is impossible due to extensive dermatitis, marked dermatographism, or in children younger than four years of age.

In vitro testing is covered when skin testing is not possible or would be unreliable; or in vitro testing is medically reasonable and necessary as determined by the physician.   When in vitro testing is ordered or performed, the medical record must clearly document the indication and why it is being used instead of skin testing. 

It is not covered when done in addition to a skin test for the same antigen, except in the case of suspected latex sensitivity, hymenoptera, or nut/peanut sensitivity where both the skin test and the in-vitro test may be performed.  The number of tests done, choice of antigens, frequency of repetition and other coverages issues are the same as skin testing. 

Testing must be based on a careful history/physical examination which suggests IgE medicated disease.  Total Serum IgE is not appropriate in most general allergy testing.  Instead, individual IgE tests are performed against a specific antigen.

Special clinical situations in which specific IgE immunoassays are performed against a specific antigen may be appropriate in the following situations:

1. Patients with extensive dermatitis, severe dermatographism, ichthyosis or generalized eczema that will not make direct skin testing possible.
2. Patients needing continued use of H-1 blockers (antihistamines), or in the rare patient with persistent unexplained negative histamine control.
3. Patients who cannot be safely withdrawn from medications that interfere with skin testing, such as long-acting antihistamines, tricyclic antidepressants, beta-blockers, or medications that may put the patient at undue risk if they are discontinued long enough to perform skin tests.
4. Uncooperative patients with mental or physical impairments.
5.  For evaluation of cross-reactivity between insect venoms (e.g., fire ant, bee, wasp, yellow jacket, hornet).
6.  As adjunctive laboratory testing for disease activity of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis and certain parasitic disease.
7.  To diagnose atopy in small children.
8.  Patients at increased risk for anaphylactic response from skin testing based on clinical history (e.g., when an unusual allergen is not available as a licensed skin test extract), or who have a history of a previous systemic reaction to skin testing.
9.  Patients in who skin testing were equivocal/inconclusive and in vitro testing is required as a confirmatory test.

Total IgE is reasonable and necessary for follow-up of Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis (ABPA) and to diagnosis atopy in children.

Retesting with the same antigen(s) should rarely be necessary within a three-year period. Exceptions include young children with negative skin tests, or older children and adults with negative skin tests in the face of persistent symptoms. Routine repetition of skin tests is not indicated (i.e., annually) and not covered.

Limitations:
The following tests are considered not medically reasonable and necessary:

1. Ingestion (Oral) Challenge Food Testing performed by the patient in the home, and not in the office setting, will not be covered.

2. Provocative Testing for which there is limited or no evidence of validity include the cytotoxic test, the provocation-neutralization procedure, electrodermal diagnosis, applied kinesiology, the "reaginic" pulse test, and chemical analysis of body tissues. Controlled studies for the cytotoxic and provocation-neutralization tests demonstrated that the results are not reproducible and do not correlate with clinical evidence of allergy. Electrodermal diagnosis and applied kinesiology have not been evaluated for efficacy. Similarly, the "reaginic" pulse test and chemical analysis of body tissues for various exogenous chemicals have not been substantiated as valid tests for allergy.

Provocative and neutralization testing and neutralization therapy (Rinkel test) of food allergies (sublingual, intracutaneous and subcutaneous) are excluded from Medicare coverage because available evidence does not show these tests and therapies are effective. 

3. IgG and IgG Subclass Antibody Tests measure allergen-specific IgG and IgG subclasses by using immunoabsorption assays and IgG and IgG subclass antibody tests for food allergy/delayed food allergic symptoms or intolerance to specific foods.  These tests are considered experimental and investigational since there is insufficient evidence in the published peer-reviewed scientific literature to support the diagnostic value of these tests.

4. Antigens for which no clinical efficacy is documented in peer reviewed literature include the following:  newsprint, tobacco smoke and leaf, dandelion, orris root, phenol, alcohol, sugar, yeast, grain mill dust, soybean dust (except when the patient has a known exposure to soybean dust such as a food processing plant), honeysuckle, marigold, goldenrod, fiberglass, wool, green tea, or chalk.

5. Radioallergosorbent test (RAST), fluoroallergosorbent test (FAST), and multiple antigen simultaneous test (MAST) are in vitro techniques for determining whether a patient's serum contains IgE antibodies against specific allergens of clinical importance.   As with any allergy testing, the need for such tests is based on the findings during a complete history and physical examination of the patient. These tests are not appropriate in most general allergy testing.  Instead, individual IgE tests should be performed against a specific antigen. 

6. ELISA (enzyme-linked immunoaorbent assay) test is another in vitro method of allergy testing for specific IgE antibodies against allergens.  It is used to determine in vitro reaction to various foods and relies on lymphocyte blastogenesis in response to certain food antigens.

7. Quantitative multi-allergen screen is a non-specific screen that does not identify a specific antigen. It is does not have sufficient literature demonstrating clear cut clinical implication.  It is a screening tool and therefore not covered by Medicare.

8. Cytotoxic leukocyte tests are excluded. (CMS Pub. 100-03 Medicare National Coverage Determination (NCD) Manual, Chapter 1- Coverage Determinations, Part 2 Section 110.13-Cytotoxic Food Tests).

9. Sublingual intracutaneous and subcutaneous provocative and neutralization testing and neutralization therapy for food allergies are excluded. (CMS Pub 100-03 Medicare National Coverage Determinations Manual, Chapter 1- Coverage Determinations, Part 2, Section 110.11 – Food Allergy Testing and Treatment).

10. The following tests are considered experimental and investigational for allergy testing as these have not been proven to be effective or appropriate for the evaluation and/or management of IgE-mediated allergic reactions. This list is not all inclusive:

a. Antigen leukocyte cellular antibody (ALCAT) automated food allergy testing
b. Applied kinesiology or Nambudripad’s allergy elimination test (NAET (i.e., muscle strength testing or measurement after allergen ingestion)
c. Anti-Fc epsilon receptor antibodies testing 
d. Anti-IgE receptor antibody testing 
e. Blood, urine, or stool micro-nutrient assessments
f. Candidiasis test
g. Chemical analysis of body tissues (e.g., hair)
h. Chlorinated pesticides (serum)
i. Chronic urticarial index testing  
j. Clifford materials reactivity testing 
k. Complement (total or components)
l. Complement antigen testing 
m. C-reactive protein
n. Cytokine and cytokine receptor assay
o. Cytotoxic testing for environmental or clinical ecological allergy testing (Bryans Test, ACT)
p. Electrodermal testing or electro-acupuncture
q. Electromagnetic sensitivity syndrome/disorder (allergy to electricity, electro-sensitivity, electrohypersensitivity, and hypersensitivity to electricity). 
r. Environmental cultures and chemicals
s. Eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) test 
t. Food immune complex assay (FICA) or food allergenic extract immunotherapy
u. General immune system assessments
v. Immune complex assay
w. Immunoglobulin G (IgG) testing for allergy 
x. Iridology
y. Leukocyte antibodies testing 
z. Leukocyte histamine release test (LHRT)/basophil histamine release test
aa. Lymphocytes (B or T subsets)
ab. Lymphocyte function assay
ac. Mediator release test (MRT) or the LEAP program
ad. Metabolic assessments
ae. Multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome (a.k.a., idiopathic environmental intolerance (IEI), clinical ecological illness, clinical ecology, environmental illness, chemical AIDS, environmental/chemical hypersensitivity disease, total allergy syndrome, cerebral allergy, 20th century disease)
af. Prausnitz-Kustner or P-K testing - passive cutaneous transfer test
ag. Pulse response test
ah. Qualification of nutritional assessments
ai. Rebuck skin window test
aj. Secretory IgA (salvia)
ak. Sage Complement Antigen Test
al. Specific Immunoglobulin (IgG) (e.g., by Radioallergosorbent (RAST) or Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)
am.Sublingual provocative neutralization testing and treatment with hormones.
an.Total serum IgG, immunoglobulin A (IgA) and immunoglobulin M (IgM
ao. Venom blocking antibodies 
ap. Volatile chemical panels (blood testing for chemicals) 
aq. Live Cell Analysis
ar. Passive Transfer
as. Cytotoxic Food Testing

Routine allergy re-testing does not meet the definition of medically necessity according to the practice parameters and recommendations from the American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (ACAAI), the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (AAAAI), and the Joint Council of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology (JCAAI).

Summary of Evidence

N/A

Analysis of Evidence (Rationale for Determination)

N/A

General Information

Associated Information

Documentation Requirements
Adequate documentation is essential for high-quality patient care and to demonstrate the reasonableness and medical necessity of the testing. Documentation must support the criteria for coverage as described in the Coverage Indications, Limitations, and/or Medical Necessity section of this LCD. There should be a permanent record of the allergy test and its interpretation including the test methodology and either the measurement (in mm) of reaction size of both the wheal and erythema response or a standardized grading system for in vivo testing. If in vitro testing is used, instead of skin testing, the medical necessity must be documented. For the in vitro testing, the quantitative result(s) (in kIU/L) for specific IgE must be documented. All patient reaction(s) or complications should be recorded. The report should address or answer any specific clinical questions. If there are factors that prevent answering the clinical questions, this should be explained in the documentation. An official interpretation (final report) of the testing should be included in the patient’s medical record. Retention of the allergy test(s) should be consistent both with clinical need and with relevant legal and local health care facility requirements.

The medical record must document the elements of the medical and immunologic history including but not limited to correlation of symptoms; occurrence of symptoms; exposure profile; documentation of allergic sensitization by accepted means and where attempts at avoidance have proven unsuccessful (or the impracticality of avoidance exists); and a copy of the sensitivity results; along with the physical examination. The history should support that attempts to narrow the area of investigation were taken so that the minimal number of necessary skin tests might deliver a diagnosis. Testing results need to justify the diagnosis and code on each claim form. The clinical condition that is claimed to justify this test must be clearly documented in the record. Note: A payable diagnosis alone does not support medical necessity of ANY service. The interpretation of the test results and how the results of the test will be used in the patient’s plan of care for treatment and the management of the patient’s medical condition (s) must be documented.

Claims submitted without such evidence will be denied as not medically necessary. When the documentation does not meet the criteria for the service rendered or the documentation does not establish the medical necessity for the services, such services will be denied as not reasonable and necessary under Section 1862(a)(1) of the Social Security Act.

All documentation must be maintained in the patient’s medical record and made available to Medicare upon request.

Utilization Guidelines
It is expected that these services would be performed as indicated by current medical literature and/or standards of practice. When services are performed in excess of established parameters, they may be subject to review for medical necessity.

It would not be expected that all patients would receive the same tests or the same number of sensitivity tests. The number of tests performed must be judicious and related to the history, physical findings and clinical judgment specific to each individual patient. The selection of antigens should be individualized, based on the history and physical examination.

Retesting with the same antigen(s) should rarely be necessary within a three-year period. Exceptions include young children with negative skin tests or older children and adults with negative skin tests, but persistent symptoms suggestive of allergic disease where skin tests may be repeated one year later. Claims for retesting within a three-year period should be submitted with documentation of the medical necessity.

Testing done on separate days for different antigens is acceptable as long as the total number of tests done within any three-year period is not excessive.

In vitro testing is covered when medically reasonable and necessary as a substitute for skin testing; it is not usually necessary in addition to skin testing. If in vitro testing is inconclusive, and contraindications for skin testing have been resolved, then skin testing may be done and is covered. The medical record must document this rationale. In vitro IgE testing will be limited to 30 allergens/beneficiary over a 12-month period. If more tests are performed, medical records may be requested.

Sources of Information

Bernstein, I.L., Li, J.T., Bernstein, D.L., & et al. (2008, Mar). Allergy diagnostic testing: An updated practice parameter. Annals of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology, 100(3)Supplement 3:S1-S148. Accessed 02/03/2015.

Bernstein, J.A., Lang, D.M., Khan, D.A., & et al. (2014, May). Practice parameter: the diagnosis and management of acute and chronic urticaria: 2014 update. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 133(5):1270-1277.e66. Accessed 02/04/2015.

Busse, W.W., Boushey, H.A., Camargo, C.A., & et al. (2007, Aug 28). National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, National Asthma Education and Prevention Program, Expert Panel Report 3: Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of asthma. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 120(3):pp1-440.

Fonacier, L. (2015) A practical guide to patch testing. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. (3):669-675.

Golden, D.B., Moffitt, J., Nicklas, R.A., & et al. (2011, Apr). Stinging insect hypersensitivity: a practice parameter update 2011. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 127(4):852-854.e23. Accessed 02/04/2015.

Portnoy, J.M., Kennedy, K., Sublett, J.L., & et al. (2012, Apr). Environmental assessment and exposure control: a practice parameter-furry animals. Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, 108(4):223.e1-223.e15. Accessed 02/23/2015.

Sampson, H.A., Randolph, C., Bernstein, D.I., & et al. (2014, Aug). Food allergy: a practice parameter update – 2014. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, 134(5):1016-1025.e43. Accessed 02/04/2015.

Solensky, R., Khan, D.A., Bernstein, I.L., & et al. (2010, Oct). Drug allergy: an updated practice parameter. Annals of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology, 105(4):273.e1-273.e78. Accessed 02/04/2015.

Wallace, D.V., Dykewicz, M.S., Bernstein, D.I., & et al. (2008, Aug). The diagnosis and management of rhinitis: an updated practice parameter. Annals of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology. 113(4):347-385. Accessed 02/04/2015.

Bibliography

N/A

Revision History Information

Revision History DateRevision History NumberRevision History ExplanationReasons for Change
11/26/2020 R12

11/26/2020 Review completed 11/03/2020.

  • Other (Review)
10/31/2019 R11

10/31/2019 Change Request 10901 Local Coverage Determinations (LCDs): it will no longer be appropriate to include Current Procedure Terminology (CPT)/Health Care Procedure Coding System (HCPCS) codes or International Classification of Diseases Tenth Revision-Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM) codes in the LCDs. All CPT/HCPCS, ICD-10 codes, and Billing and Coding Guidelines have been removed from this LCD and placed in Billing and Coding: Allergy Testing article linked to this LCD. Consistent with Change Request 10901 language from IOMs and/or regulations has been removed and the applicable manual/regulation has been referenced. Language under Patch Testing and Utilization Guidelines was removed that discussed specific number of tests.

  • Other (Compliance with CR 10901)
01/01/2019 R10

01/01/2019 Annual review done 12/05/2018. Typographical error corrected.

  • Other (Annual Review)
10/01/2018 R9

10/01/2018 ICD-10 Code updates: added codes T43.641A, T43.641D, T43.641S, T43.642A, T43.642D, T43.642S, T43.643A, T43.643D, T43.643S, T43.644A, T43.644D, and T43.644S to Groups 1 and 2.

  • Revisions Due To ICD-10-CM Code Changes
04/01/2018 R8

04/01/2018 - For clarification, added the following bullet point “d. Vaccines” to A. In Vivo Testing under 2. Intracutaneous/Intradermal Tests. Usable codes for vaccines are already listed in Group 1 for intracutaneous/intradermal allergy testing. 

  • Other
01/01/2018 R7

01/01/2018 CPT/HCPCS code updates: description change to Group 1 code 86003, description change to Group 2 code 86005, and added code 86008 to Group 1 table of codes and to Group 2 Paragraph. Annual review done 12/06/2017

  • Revisions Due To CPT/HCPCS Code Changes
  • Other (Annual Review)
10/01/2017 R6

10/01/2017 ICD-10 code updates: Added the following code to Groups 1, 2 and 3: R06.03. At this time 21st Century Cures Act will apply to new and revised LCDs that restrict coverage which requires comment and notice. This revision is not a restriction to the coverage determination; and, therefore not all the fields included on the LCD are applicable as noted in this policy.

  • Revisions Due To ICD-10-CM Code Changes
05/01/2017 R5 05/01/2017 Added diagnosis code K20.0 to Groups 1 and 3. Added verbiage “eosinophilic esophagitis” to indications for percutaneous testing A.1.b.

  • Reconsideration Request
02/01/2017 R4 02/01/2017 Annual review done 01/03/2017. Added diagnosis codes T84.89XS and Z91.09 to Group 4 for Patch Tests 95044, 95052. Added a paragraph to clarify patch testing for joint replacement patients. Updated Sources of Information.
  • Other (Annual Review)
10/01/2016 R3 10/01/2016 Per ICD-10 code updates: In Group 3: deleted code K52.2 and added codes K52.21, K52.22, K52.29, K52.3, K52.831, K52.832, and K52.838, effective 10/01/2016.

  • Revisions Due To ICD-10-CM Code Changes
03/18/2016 R2 08/01/2016 Added codes Z88.0-Z88.8 to Group 5, effective 03/18/2016.
  • Revisions Due To ICD-10-CM Code Changes
03/18/2016 R1 04/01/2016 Added initial annual review date into system.

  • Other

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