CMS launches new ACO dialysis model
Affordable Care Act model designed to improve care for beneficiaries with kidney failure while reducing costs
More than 600,000 Americans have end-stage renal disease (ESRD), also known as kidney failure, and require life sustaining dialysis treatments several times per week. These individuals typically have many health problems, are at higher risk of hospital readmissions, and suffer from fragmented care. In 2012, ESRD beneficiaries comprised 1.1% of the Medicare population and accounted for an estimated 5.6% of total Medicare spending.
As part of the Department of Health and Human Services’ approach to building a health care delivery system that results in better care while using taxpayer dollars more wisely, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) has announced the participants for the Comprehensive ESRD Care (CEC) Model, a new accountable care organization (ACO) model made possible by the Affordable Care Act and conducted by the CMS Innovation Center. ACOs are groups of physicians and other health care providers who collectively take on responsibility for the quality and cost of care for a population of patients. The CEC Model is designed specifically for beneficiaries with ESRD and builds on experiences from other models and programs with ACOs, including the Pioneer ACO Model and the Medicare Shared Savings Program.
In the CEC Model, dialysis facilities, nephrologists, and other providers have joined together to form ESRD Seamless Care Organizations (ESCOs) to coordinate care for ESRD beneficiaries. ESCOs will be financially accountable for quality outcomes and Medicare Part A and B spending, including all spending for dialysis services, for their ESRD beneficiaries. This model will encourage dialysis providers to think beyond their traditional roles in care delivery and support beneficiaries as they provide patient-centered care that will address beneficiaries’ health needs in and out of the dialysis facility.
“This new ACO model represents a paradigm shift in care for beneficiaries with end-stage renal disease; it promotes a patient-centered approach to their dialysis and non-dialysis care needs that will help accomplish our delivery system reform goals of better care, smarter spending, and healthier people,” said Patrick Conway, M.D., MSc, acting deputy administrator and chief medical officer, CMS.
The CEC Model includes separate financial arrangements for ESCOs with large and small dialysis organizations. ESCOs with participation by a dialysis facility or facilities owned by a large dialysis organization, which is an organization that owns 200 or more dialysis facilities, will be eligible to receive shared savings payments, but will also be liable for shared losses, and will have higher overall levels of risk compared with their smaller counterparts. ESCOs with participation by a dialysis facility or facilities owned by a small dialysis organization, which is an organization that owns fewer than 200 dialysis facilities, will be eligible to receive shared savings payments, but will not be liable for shared losses.
The CEC Model is part of the Department’s efforts to create opportunities for providers to enter into alternative payment models and meet the Secretary’s goal, announced on January 26th, to have 30% of traditional Medicare payments paid through alternative payment models by the end of 2016 and 50% by the end of 2018.
CMS issued an open call for applications for the CEC Model in April 2014. The following applicants were selected to participate in the model:
Large Dialysis Organizations:
|Dialysis Organization||ESCO Name||Location|
|DCI||Liberty Kidney Care Alliance, LLC||Newark, NJ|
|DCI||Palmetto Kidney Care Alliance LLC||Spartanburg, SC|
|DCI||Music City Kidney Care Alliance, LLC||Nashville, TN|
|DaVita||Phoenix-Tucson Integrated Kidney Care||Phoenix, AZ|
|DaVita||South Florida Integrated Kidney Care||Miami, FL|
|DaVita||Philadelphia - Camden Integrated Kidney Care||Philadelphia, PA|
|Fresenius||Fresenius Seamless Care of San Diego, LLC||San Diego, CA|
|Fresenius||Fresenius Seamless Care of Chicago, LLC||Chicago, IL|
|Fresenius||Fresenius Seamless Care of Charlotte, LLC||Charlotte, NC|
|Fresenius||Fresenius Seamless Care of Philadelphia, LLC||Philadelphia, PA|
|Fresenius||Fresenius Seamless Care of Columbia, LLC||Columbia, SC|
|Fresenius||Fresenius Seamless Care of Dallas, LLC||Dallas, TX|
Small Dialysis Organization:
|Dialysis Organization||ESCO Name||Location|
|Rogosin Institute||Rogosin Kidney Care Alliance||New York, NY|
For more information on the CEC Model, please visit the CEC Model Web page.
The CMS Innovation Center was created by the Affordable Care Act to test innovative payment and service delivery models to reduce program expenditures while preserving or enhancing the quality of care for Medicare, Medicaid and Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) beneficiaries. The CMS Innovation Center is committed to transforming Medicare, Medicaid and CHIP and is expected to help deliver better care for individuals, better health for populations, and lower growth in expenditures.