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On July 22, 2020, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) will conduct a Virtual Medicare Evidence Development & Coverage Advisory Committee (MEDCAC) meeting. The MEDCAC Panel will review the evidence specific to the home use of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation by patients with chronic respiratory failure (CRF) consequent to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Devices to be considered are home mechanical ventilators (HMVs), bi-level positive airway pressure (BPAP) devices and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) devices.
We are seeking the MEDCAC’s recommendations regarding the characteristics that define patient selection and usage criteria, concomitant services, and equipment parameters necessary to best achieve positive patient health outcomes in beneficiaries with CRF consequent to COPD. The MEDCAC will specifically focus on the scientific evidence associated with the outcomes most pertinent to the affected patient population. Outcomes of interest will include decreased mortality, decreased frequency of exacerbations requiring emergency room or hospital admission, increased time to hospital re-admission for respiratory related disease, and improved function and quality of life.
MEDCAC panels do not make coverage determinations, but CMS benefits from their advice.
June 10, 2020
CMS posts MEDCAC meeting announcement.
Posted questions to panel.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive disease that can cause acute and chronic respiratory failure which interferes with the ability to breathe. Its prevalence is common in the Medicare population.
Respiratory failure is a condition that may be treated with various methods, both pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic. In certain individuals, noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) may be safely provided in the home to improve the clinical condition. For the administration of such treatment, it is possible to choose from a selection of equipment that for the purposes of Medicare, may be broadly classified into three categories: home mechanical ventilators (HMVs), bi-level positive airway pressure (BPAP) devices and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) devices.
The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) National Coverage Determination (NCD) for Durable Medical Equipment (DME) Reference List (280.1) states that ventilators may be covered for neuromuscular diseases, thoracic restrictive diseases, and chronic respiratory failure (CRF) consequent to COPD. However, when necessary, each of these diseases may also be treated with other types of respiratory equipment. The choice of an appropriate treatment plan, including the determination to use a ventilator versus a bi-level or CPAP device, is made based upon the specifics of each individual beneficiary's medical condition.
Currently, there is substantial variability regarding the prescribing patterns, guidelines and policies for these types of devices. Yet, the inappropriate prescription of such devices in those who have need can lead to clinical deterioration, poor quality of life and ultimately death.
Therefore, the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services is conducting a Medicare Evidence Development & Coverage Advisory Committee (MEDCAC) panel to examine the scientific evidence pertaining to the use of various types of NIPPV equipment in order to assess the characteristics that define the patient selection criteria, usage parameters, concomitant services, and equipment parameters necessary to best achieve positive patient health outcomes in beneficiaries with CRF consequent to COPD.
The types of NIPPV devices being referred to in the below questions are to be used in the home and are classified as:
All questions below pertain to Medicare beneficiaries with CRF consequent to COPD.
Discussion: If intermediate confidence (≥ 2.5) is present in Q1, please provide the selection criteria for the specific category of equipment.
Discussion: Are there any outcome measures that should be considered other than those noted above?
Discussion: If intermediate confidence (≥ 2.5) is present in Q2, please provide the equipment parameters for the specific category of equipment.
Discussion: If intermediate confidence (≥? 2.5) of improved patient-related outcomes are present in Q3 for any type of home NIPPV device, please state that outcome and the associated category of equipment.
Discussion: If intermediate confidence (≥ 2.5) is present in Q4, please provide the patient usage criteria for the specific category of equipment.