This webpage provides historical background on the development and importance of the MDS 3.0 and the availability of MDS Frequency Reports.
MDS 3.0 History
The Minimum Data Set (MDS) is a powerful tool for implementing standardized assessment and for facilitating care management in nursing homes (NHs) and non-critical access hospital swing beds (non-CAH SBs). Its content has implications for residents, families, providers, researchers, advocates, stakeholders, and policymakers, all of whom had expressed concerns about the reliability, validity, and relevance of the prior assessment instrument, the MDS 2.0. Some argued that because MDS 2.0 failed to include items that rely on direct resident interview, it failed to obtain critical information and effectively disenfranchised many residents from the assessment process. In addition, many users and government agencies expressed concerns about the quality and validity of the MDS 2.0 data. Other stakeholders contended that data elements used in other care settings should be included to improve communication across providers.
In 2010 with the implementation of the MDS 3.0 these critiques were addressed. The MDS 3.0 was designed to improve the reliability, accuracy, and usefulness of the MDS, to include the resident in the assessment process, and to use standard protocols used in other settings. These improvements have profound implications for NH and non-CAH SB care and public policy. Enhanced accuracy supports the primary legislative intent that MDS be a tool to improve clinical assessment and supports the credibility of programs that rely on MDS.
The document titled RAND MDS 3.0 Final Study Report and Appendices 2008 provides more information on the improvements made to the validity and reliability of the MDS data and is available in the Downloads section of this webpage.
MDS 3.0 - Frequency Reports
The Minimum Data Set (MDS) Frequency Report summarizes information for residents currently in nursing homes by calendar quarter. The source of these counts is the resident's MDS assessment record. The MDS assessment information for each active nursing home resident is consolidated to create a profile of the most recent standard information for the resident. The data is pulled from the MDS National Data Repository.
To access this information, select the link labeled MDS 3.0 Frequency Report located in the Related Links section of this page which will direct you to the MDS 3.0 Frequency Report webpage.