Medicare expenditures attributable to smoking in 1993 were estimated using a multivariate model that related expenditures
to smoking history, health status, and the propensity to have had a smoking-related disease, controlling for sociodemographics,
economic variables, and other risk factors. Smoking-attributable Medicare expenditures are presented separately for each State
and by type of expenditure. Nationally, smoking accounted for 9.4 percent of Medicare expenditures $14.2 billion, with considerable
variation among States. Smoking accounted for 11.4 percent of Medicare expenditures for hospital care, 11.3 percent of nursing
home care, 5.9 percent of home health care, and 5.6 percent of ambulatory care.
Costs and Cost Analysis : Medicare : Health Expenditures : Multivariate Analysis : Statistics : United States