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Title
Cost of smoking to the Medicare program, 1993
First Author
Zhang, Xiulan
Date of Pub
1999 Summer
Pages
179-196
Volume
20
Issue
4
Other Authors
Max, Wendy; Miller, Leonard; Rice, Dorothy P
Abstract
Medicare expenditures attributable to smoking in 1993 were estimated using a multivariate model that related expenditures to smoking history, health status, and the propensity to have had a smoking-related disease, controlling for sociodemographics, economic variables, and other risk factors. Smoking-attributable Medicare expenditures are presented separately for each State and by type of expenditure. Nationally, smoking accounted for 9.4 percent of Medicare expenditures $14.2 billion, with considerable variation among States. Smoking accounted for 11.4 percent of Medicare expenditures for hospital care, 11.3 percent of nursing home care, 5.9 percent of home health care, and 5.6 percent of ambulatory care.
Abstract Continued
N/A
MeSH
Costs and Cost Analysis : Medicare : Health Expenditures : Multivariate Analysis : Statistics : United States
NTIS Number
PB2000-102444