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A grievance is any complaint or dispute (other than an organization determination) expressing dissatisfaction with any aspect of the operations, activities, or behavior of a Medicare health plan, or its providers, regardless of whether remedial action is requested. 

The enrollee must file the grievance either orally or in writing no later than 60 days after the triggering event or incident precipitating the grievance.

Listed below are some examples of problems that are typically dealt with through the plan grievance process:

  • Problems getting an appointment, or having to wait a long time for an appointment
  • Disrespectful or rude behavior by doctors, nurses or other plan clinic or hospital staff

Each plan must provide meaningful procedures for timely hearing and resolving both standard and expedited grievances between enrollees and the Medicare health plan or any other entity or individual through which the Medicare health plan provides health care services. 

The Medicare health plan must include in its grievance procedures:

  •  The ability to accept any information or evidence concerning the grievance orally or in writing not later than 60 days after the event; and 
  •  The requirement to respond within 24 hours to an enrollee's expedited grievance whenever:
    1.  A Medicare health plan extends the time frame to make an organization determination or reconsideration; or  
    2.  A Medicare health plan refuses to grant a request for an expedited organization determination or reconsideration.

Plans must notify all concerned parties upon completion of the investigation as expeditiously as the enrollee's case requires based on the enrollee's health status, but not later than 30 days after the grievance is received.

Quality of care grievances (complaints about the quality of care received in hospital or other provider settings) may be reported through the plan's grievance procedures, the enrollee's Beneficiary Family Centered Care - Quality Improvement Organization (BFCC-QIO), or both. 

For more information about the grievance process, see section 20.3 in Chapter 13 of the Medicare Managed Care Manual. A copy of the model notice plans may use to notify enrollees about their right to an expedited grievance is located in Appendix 6 of Chapter 13, in the “Downloads” section below, or found under “Notices and Forms” using the link on the left navigation menu on this page.  

Grievances related to Part D prescription drug benefits or services received through a plan are not processed using these procedures. For information on how to file a grievance related to Part D prescription drug benefits or services, click on the link to Chapter 18 of the Prescription Drug Benefit Manual under the "Downloads" section below.

For more information about filing a grievance with the BFCC-QIO, click on the link to the Medicare publication “Medicare Rights and Protections” under the "Related Links" section below.