Health Insurance Marketplace Quality Initiatives

Health Insurance Marketplace Quality Initiatives

Decorative Health Insurance Marketplace Quality Initiatives Icon - a woman and a man looking at computer screen together

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (PPACA) authorizes the creation of Health Insurance Exchanges (also known as Health Insurance Marketplaces) to help individuals and small employers’ shop for, select, and enroll in high quality, affordable private health plans.

The Marketplace Quality Initiatives (MQIs) includes four programs established by the PPACA which requires the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS) to develop quality data collection and reporting tools. The Marketplace Quality Rating System (QRS), QHP Enrollee Experience Survey (QHP Survey), Quality Improvement Strategy (QIS), and patient safety standards are Qualified Health Plan (QHP) quality-related certification requirements across all Marketplaces.

Scroll below to “Program Overview” for a description of each program.

Spotlight News

QRS and QHP Survey

  • Draft 2024 Call Letter for the QRS and QHP Enrollee Survey (PDF)  (February 2024): CMS requests comment on proposed refinements to the QRS and QHP Enrollee Survey included in the Draft 2024 Call Letter for the Quality Rating System and the Qualified Health Plan Enrollee Experience Survey. CMS encourages interested parties to submit comments to and reference “Marketplace Quality Initiatives (MQI)-Draft 2024 QRS Call Letter” in the subject line by the close of the comment period (March 28, 2024).
  • QRS and QHP Enrollee Experience Survey Technical Guidance for 2024 (September 2023): (PDF) CMS posted the QRS and QHP Enrollee Survey: Technical Guidance for 2024. The Technical Guidance provides QHP issuers certified to offer coverage through the Exchanges in 2024 with the QRS and QHP Enrollee Survey guidance required as a condition of certification.
  • 2024 Quality Rating System Measure Technical Specifications (September 2023): (PDF) CMS has posted an updated version of the 2024 Quality Rating System Measure Technical Specifications, which includes guidance on the finalized data submission requirements for the 2024 QRS measure set. Specifically, CMS added callout boxes summarizing the final decision regarding measures and/or measure rates proposed for addition.  Measures proposed for removal in the Draft 2023 Call Letter and finalized in the Final 2023 Call Letter have also been included. 


Program Overview

Quality Rating System - QRS

The Quality Rating System (QRS) is a 5-star rating system used to rate QHPs based on relative quality and price. The goals of the QRS are to provide comparable and useful information to consumers, facilitate oversight of QHPs, and provide actionable information to QHPs to improve quality and performance.

QHP Enrollee Experience Survey

The QHP Enrollee Experience Survey assesses consumer experience with QHPs offered through the Exchanges. The QHP Enrollee Survey aims to provide comparable and useful information to consumers about the quality of health care services and enrollee experience with QHPs offered through the Exchanges.

Quality Improvement Strategy - QIS

A Quality Improvement Strategy (QIS) is a payment structure that provides increased reimbursement or other incentives to improve health outcomes, reduce hospital readmissions, improve patient safety and reduce medical errors, implement wellness and health promotion activities, and/or reduce health and health care disparities.

Patient Safety

QHPs are required to contract with certain hospitals that use patient safety evaluation systems and implement comprehensive hospital discharge programs. QHPs are also required to contract with health care providers who implement health care quality improvement mechanisms.

Upcoming Deadlines and Events for Issuers

  • QRS/QHP Enrollee Survey Deadlines
    • January 31, 2023: QHP issuer contracts with an HHS-approved QHP Enrollee Survey vendor to conduct the QHP Enrollee Survey and submit survey response data to CMS.


Marketplace Service Help Desk (MSD) (reference “Marketplace Quality Initiatives”)

QHP issuers and Exchanges with questions regarding the QRS, QIS, or the QHP Enrollee Survey should contact the MSD or 1-855-CMS-1515 (1-855-267-1515)

Page Last Modified:
02/29/2024 04:20 PM